Grammar-QuizzesClausesComparative Clauses › Same…as /As…as

Same…as / As…as

Compare the similarities of two items

unequal
 

 

Stating Equivalent Aspects

THE SAME…AS

The paired expression the same…as expresses that two items are equal —the same is followed by a noun such a size, weight, color (a measureable or comparable standard). The second as is a connective preposition which is followed by a noun or a clause. If it is a clause, it is shortened to just the subject and the auxiliary form of the verb.

NOUN

This apple is the same weight (as the other one we discussed).

The Fuji apple is the same color as that one. 

This apple has the same taste as that apple (has).

This apple has the same taste as the apples (that) I remember from childhood.

NOUN

This Fuji apple tree grows at the same rate as that one. 

This Fuji apple tree grows at the same rate as that one (does). 

He buys the same kind as I do.

He buys the same kind as me¹.

AS… AS

The comparative as…as expresses that two items have equivalent aspects. The first as modifiers the quality (Adj) or manner (Adv) of the item being compared. The second as is a connective preposition which is followed by a noun or a clause. If it is a clause, it is shortened to just the subject and the auxiliary form of the verb.                               

ADJECTIVE

This apple is as heavy (as the other one we discussed).

The Fuji apple is as colorful as the Honey Crisp apple. 

This apple is as tasty as that apple (is)

This apple is as tasty as the apples (that) I remember from childhood. 

ADVERB

An apple grows as slowly as an orange (does). 

An apple falls to the ground as quickly as an orange (does). 

He picks apples as fast as I (do). 

~He picks apples as fast as me¹. 

 

*not used / ~ less common usage with a verb or its auxiliary form (is, has, does) at the end

¹informal usage, but it does occur

adjunct prepositional phrase — in grammar, a phrase that is extra, not required by the subject and predicate to complete the meaning of the clause.  For example, The apple is the same weight. (complete); The apple is the same weight as the orange. (extra or "adjunct").

equivalent (Adj) – being nearly equal in a particular aspect (part)

relative (Adj) – having a particular quality when compared with something else

prepositional complements — several adverbs have been reassigned to the category of Preposition. A preposition is no longer restricted to taking an noun as its complement. It may take a wide variety of complements. See prepositional complements.

 

 

 

Comparative Expressions

As / So / Such

 

As, so, such

AS…AS

In the expression as…as, the first as is a degree adverb. The second as is a preposition that "heads" the prepositional phrase which takes a noun or a clause as its complement.

AS + ADJ

It's not as easy as that.

 

AS + NOUN

¹It's not as easy a decision as that.

 

SO/SUCH… AS

The degree adverbs so and such  are also used, but more commonly in negative (non-affirmative) contexts.

SO + ADJ / ADV

It's not so easy as that.  (Adj)

~We didn't do so well as you did. (Adv)

So far as I know.   (expression)

SUCH + ADJ + NOUN

It's not such an easy decision as that.

 

*not used / ~perhaps acceptable; borderline

¹This is a special use where that article is place directly before the noun.

Also see Like vs. As.

 

 

 

 

 

Comparisons

Nouns — Adjectives

 

My brother is as old as I am.

He isn't as tall as I am.

He is as smart as I am.

My brother is the same age as I am.

He isn't the same height.

He has the same intelligence as I have.

 

 

List of nouns and related adjective forms

NOUN ADJECTIVE

AGE 

young / old

BEAUTY

beautiful / ugly

BRIGHTNESS

dark  / light

COLOR

red, blue, yellow, green, etc.

DEPTH

deep / shallow

DIRECTION

north / south

DISTANCE

near / far

HARDNESS

hard / soft

HEIGHT

tall / short

INTELLIGENCE

smart, intelligent / stupid, dumb

LENGTH

long / short

NOUN ADJECTIVE

PRICE

expensive / inexpensive, cheap

QUALITY

good, high / bad, low

SHAPE

round, square, oblong, etc

SIZE

big, large / small, petite, tiny

SPEED

slow / fast

STRAIGHTNSS

straight / crooked, bent

STRENGTH

strong / weak

DISPOSITION

strong, stubborn / mild, meek, compliant

TASTE

spicy, bitter, sour / bland

TENDERNESS

tender / tough

WEIGHT

heavy / light

 

 

 

 

 

The Same…As

Equal or Equivalent?

 

 

 

Equivalent but not the exact same one

EQUAL—THE SAME ONE

The same (noun) as compares equivalent items that may refer to (1) one particular item, or (2) two similar items.

SAME ONE – A SHARED ITEM

He drives the same car as I do.  We share the car.

He lives in the same house as I do.  We are family.

He has the same parents as I have.  We are siblings.

He has taken the same courses as I have.  We are classmates.

EQUIVALENT—NOT THE SAME ONE

The same (noun) as compares equivalent items that may refer to (1) one particular item, or (2) two similar items.

SIMILAR ONE  BUT DIFFERENT ONE

He drives the same car as I do.  Same model, same color, same year but a different car.

He lives in the same house as I do.  Same style, same construction and size, but his is next door.

He has the same parents as I have.  Similar in character and thinking, but his are not my parents.

 

He has taken the same courses as I have. He is two years ahead of me.

 

relative (Adj) – having a particular quality when compared with something else

equivalent (Adj) – being nearly equal in a particular aspect (part)

 

 

 

 

Comparative Clause

Clause shortening

 

Comparative clause shortening

SHORTENED TO THE AUXILIARY

In the paired expression the same…as, the preposition as is complemented by a comparative clause, which is almost always truncated (shortened) to just the subject noun and the auxiliary verb. This usage is not disputed; that is, people agree and prefer not repeating the full verb. However, there is a second option to shorten the clause to just the subject noun. (See disputed usage to the right.)

AUXILIARY VERB

He is in the same class as I am.

He was studying the same courses as she was. 

 

He drives the same car as they do. 

 

He drove the same car as we did. 

I have the same textbooks as he does / has. 

He has taken the same courses as you have. 

SHORTENED TO THE NOUN

Because the preposition as may be complemented by a noun phrase or a clause, two possible pronoun forms occur. If the as-clause is shortened to just the subject noun, then the pronoun is the nominative form (he, she, I,we, they).  If as  is complemented by a noun, then the pronoun takes the accusative form (him, her, me, us, them) Nevertheless, some consider the latter usage as informal.

SUBJECT of CLAUSE / OBJECT of PREPOSITION?

He is in the same class as I.  (remaining subject noun—nominative)

He is in the same class as me.  (object of preposition—accusative)

He is as advanced as I / me. 

He was studying the same courses as she.

He was studying the same courses as her. 

He is as advanced as she / me. 

He drives the same car as they. 

He drives the same car as them. 

He drives as well as they / them. 

He drove the same car as we. 

He drove the same car as us. 

He drove as old a car as we / us. 

I have the same text books as he. 

I have the same text books as him. 

I have as many text books as he / him. 

He has taken the same courses as you. 

He has taken the same courses as you. 

He has take as many course as you. 

 

dispute (V) — disagree on its usage: some consider it correct while others consider it incorrect or informal.

Also see And Too for clause shortening and Prep Complements.

 

 

 

References

Texts with Comparatives

Azar, Betty Schrampfer. "Comparisons." Fundamentals of English Grammar, 2nd ed. Prentice Hall Regents, 1992, Ch. 13.

Huddleston, Rodney D., and Geoffrey K. Pullum. "Comparative Constructions."The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge UP, 2002, Ch. 13.

Murphy, Raymond. "Comparatives." English Grammar in Use. 5th ed., Cambridge UP, 2019, Units 105 – 107.

Swan, Michael. "Comparison." Practical English Usage. 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2005, pp. 135–141.

 

Practice 1

As… As Phrases

 

 

 

Compare the adjectives (modifiers).

  1. Select your response from each menu.
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button to the right.

 

1.
fox

2.
old as the hills

3.
molasses in cold

4.
bull dog

5.
ugly horse

6.
lady bug

7.
mule

8.
pretty picture

9.
a loon

10.
bullseye

11.
a skunka drunk

12.
a snail

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

The Same As Phrases

 

 

 

Compare the nouns.

  1. Select the option that best completes the sentence.
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

13.


pool depth

14.


distance

15.


country size

16.
gold silver

17.


pyramids

18.


car price

19.


earth-moon shape round

20.


hair length - long

21.


strong coffee

22.
as the other.

toilet paper

23.


two cars

24.


losing weight

25.


chihuahua dachshund