Grammar-QuizzesWriting AidsConfusing Words › Rise vs. Raise

Rise vs. Raise

Who or what is rising—the subject or the object?

 

 

Rise vs. Raise

RISE

Use rise for an action that a person or animal does by oneself.  Rise is an intransitive verb – it does not take an object. (to ascend, go up)  rise, rose, risen

A PERSON OR THING MOVES UP

riseThe man is rising from his chair.

sun riseThe sun rises in the morning.

bread doughBread dough¹ rises better in a warm place.  (expands)

 

 

rise in the morningHe rises at six o'clock every morning. ("gets up")

RAISE

Use raise for an action that a person does to someone or something else.  Raise is a transitive verb – it requires an object – and means to lift, increase, or elevate. raise, raised, raised

A PERSON MOVES SOMETHING UP

raise flagThe Boy Scout is raising the flag.

subjectPlease raise your hand if you want to speak.

farmer raise foodThis farmer raises vegetables.  ("grows")

 

raise salaryMy employer raised my salary. ("increased")

I asked for a raise. (Eng-US)

I asked for a wage rise. (Eng-Br)

 

Related page: Intransitive verbs   

¹Dough "rises" on its own, but the baker "raises" the dough with yeast. Also the product may be described as "raised", for example, My husband bought a raised (Adj) doughnut. ; Dough is raised (passive) with yeast. "leavened". This term may differ among indivduals in the profession of baking.

raised (Adj) – leavened by yeast rather than baking powder or baking soda., Bread Raised Without Gluten (label on package of bread)  [participial adj]

In British English one raises a crop, but rears children. (Fowler rise, raise)

A similar verb is: arise, arose, arisen

 

 

 

 

 

Rise

Additional Meanings

 

 

Rise

MEANINGS EXPRESSIONS

RISE – move upward

Rise as a predicate (verb) is usually complemented by a prepositional phrase. [V + PP]

GET OUT OF BED

He rises at 6:00 a.m. every morning. [V + PP]

REACH UPWARD

The towers of the bridge rise up 1,000 ft. [V + PP]

COME INTO ACTION, FORM

A  storm is rising in the northern sky. [V + PP]

OCCUR

A  quarrel arose among the two lovers. [V + PP]

INCREASE ALTITUDE

The plane rose as it approached the mountains. [V + PP]

INCREASE RANK (N)

The rise of the middle class was easy to predict. [Subj. – NP + PP]

GET A RESPONSE (N)

They tried to get a rise out of him by insulting him.  [Obj. – NP + PP]

INITIATION, INCREASE  (N)

The Industrial Revolution gave rise to urbanization.   [Obj. – NP + PP]

SALARY INCREASE (N)

The government promised a wage rise to women who were not receiving equal and fair wages.   (Eng-British)

The employee asked for a rise in salary.  (Eng-British)

Word Categories: N – Noun; V – Verb; Aux – Auxiliary; Adj – Adjective; Adv – Adverb; P –Preposition; Det –Determiner.

Phrasal Categories: NP – Noun Phrase; VP – Verb Phrase; AdjP – Adjective Phrase; AdvP – Adverb Phrase; PP – Prepositional Phrase; DP – Determinative Phrase.

 

 

 

 

Raise

Additional Meanings

raise vegetables
 

Raise

MEANINGS EXPRESSIONS

RAISE

Raise as a predicate (verb) is complemented by an object (noun phrase). Raise as a noun is countable but usually singular.

FOSTER

My grandparents raised me.  [V + NP]

GROW

Mrs. Green raises roses.   [V + NP]

COLLECT

The engineer raised over four million dollars for his battery-operated engine.  [V + NP]

INCREASE (V)

The landlord will raise my rent. [V + NP]

A WAGE INCREASE (N)

He is asking his boss for a raise. He would like a raise. (Eng-US)    [P + NP]

OPEN

Raise the window shades and let some light in.   [V + NP]

ANIMATE, IMPROVED

The good news will raise his spirits[V + NP]

ASSEMBLE

The king had to raise an army before he could go to war.  [V + NP]

CAUSE TROUBLE

He was raising Cain in the back of the bus.   [V + NP]

 

 

 

 

Rise and Raise

Review other word forms

 

 

Noun, Verb, and Modifier Forms

RISE

Rise occurs as a verb, a noun, a gerund-participle, an infinitive and a modifier (participial adjective.)

NOUN

graph risingThe rise in interest rates caused financial anxiety.

I asked for a wage rise. (Br-Eng)

(Accepts an article. See Nouns.)

PRIMARY VERB

The cost of living rose last year.

(Can be marked for tense; see Primary Verbs.)

SECONDARY VERB FORMS

Jack dislikes rising early in the morning. [ger.]

He prefers to rise when the sun is up. [inf.]

Jack *risen earlier than usual felt groggy, [past part.]

(Has Secondary Verb forms: gerund-participle, infinitive)

ADJECTIVE / MODIFIER / PRESENT PARTICIPLE

Rising interest rates cause financial anxiety.

The rising tide flooded St. Mark's Square in Venice.

Rising temperatures over time indicate climate change.

*Rised interest rates cause financial anxiety.

(Can modify a noun. Note that "rising" expresses an ongoing situation. See Participial Adjectives 2)

ADVERB / MODIFIER

——— (not used)

RAISE

Raise occurs mostly as a verb, but also occurs in other forms, especially in expressions.

NOUN
percentage up and down

The *raise of interest rates by the Feds caused hardship.

I asked for a raise. (US-Eng) (increase in salary)

PRIMARY VERB

The cost of living raised his feelings of anxiety.

(Can be marked for tense, is transitive, accepts an object)

SECONDARY VERB FORMS

The Federal Bank board members dislike raising rates. [ger.]

The Feds dislike having to raise rates. [inf.]

The rates (that were) raised higher upset the public. [past part.]

(Has Secondary Verb forms: gerund, infinitive, past participle)

ADJECTIVE / MODIFIER / PAST PARTICIPLE

*Raised interest rates cause financial anxiety. (Use higher)

Garden-raised vegetables are delicious. ("cultivated")

The raised money went into the educational fund. ("collected")

Raised doughnuts smell wonderful. ("made with yeast")

Raised children are a joy. ("grown")

¹Raising children can be stressful. ("caring for", "bringing up") [¹gerund]

ADVERB / MODIFIER

——— (not used)

 

*not used

anxiety (N) – emotional stress, concern

interest rates (N) – the amount that a bank charges someone when they borrow money from the bank

The Fed – The Federal Reserve System is the central bank of the United States. The Feds refers to its board members.

Nouns Ending in -ING | Verbs with Gerund Complements | Verbs with Infinitive Complements | Participial Adjectives 2

 

 

 

Common Mistakes

Errors and Solutions

 

 

Error and Solution

ERROR

He rised the hood of his car and worked on the engine.   (lifted, put up)

He rised at 4 a.m. in the morning to catch his flight home.  (woke up)

We raised up when the president came to greet us.  (stood up

SOLUTION

He raised the hood of his car and worked on the engine.   

He rose at 4 a.m. in the morning to catch his flight home. 

We rose when the president came to greet us.  (stood up) 

 

hood (N)—metal covering of the engine of a car, Eng-US;  bonnet — Eng-BR

 

 

Works Cited

 

 

Practice 1

Rising to the Occasion

baker 
Charles is a baker.
 

Rise or Raise?

Charles is a baker who has his own business located in South San Francisco.  He does his baking in the early hours of the morning. He [rises, raises] at 3:00 a.m. six days a week and goes to work.

First, he makes the bread dough and sets it aside to give it time to [rise, raise].  Then, he begins his long day. His parents [rose, raised] him and taught him to work hard.

He bakes dozens of loaves of breads, cakes and rolls. The ovens [rise, raise] the room temperature, but he is used to working in a very warm kitchen.

Charles has [rising, raising] costs and demands. He has three helpers. With the increase in sales of his breads, he has had to [rise, raise] the number of employees who work for him. With the [rise, raise] in the cost of living, he has also had to offer his employees [a rise, a raise] in salary so that they can make ends meet. Also, He has to pay his suppliers who buy directly from farmers who [rise, raise] and mill wheat for his bread flour.

Because his business is increasing so fast, It is easy for him [rise, raise] money from investors. His name has been [rising, raising], in the world of successful baker-businessmen.

demand (N)  – asking for something

investors (N) – businessmen or institutions who are willing to loan money in return for some of the profit (gains)

make ends meet (expression) – pay their bills

mill (V) – grind wheat into flour

rise to the occasion (expression) – find courage or bravery to do what is needed for a particular challenge

salary (N) – money given to an employee for his or her work

 

 

Complete the sentence.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "Check 1-11" button at the bottom, or click the "Check" button to the left  as you go.

 

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.