Grammar-QuizzesAdverbialsPrepositional Phrases Noun + Prep Phrase

Noun + Prep Phrase

Add modifying information to a noun

ferry building
 

Placing a Prep Phrase Before vs. After a Noun

PRE-POSITION / BEFORE

Short prepositions in which the noun is included in the word may be placed before or after the noun. Some preposition can be hyphenated as a modifier.

LOCATION

The next-door house is beige.

The upstairs neighbor is from Thailand.

*We bought the in the middle apartment.

The city replaced the in front of the house sidewalk.

TIMING

The next week race will be a marathon.

The upcoming race race will be a marathon.

 

GENITIVE/POSSESSION

The neighbor's house is green. (genitive noun)

I painted his house. (genitive pronouns)

~I painted the house's door. (genitive noun)

EXPRESSION

The of the moment man is George Clooney. (currently popular)

The in question movie star was back in rehab.  (unidentified, in doubt)

Their around-the-world tour pleased fans.  (including several cities)

POST-POSITION / AFTER

Longer prepositional phrases with two or more words are usually placed after the noun.

LOCATION

The house next door is beige.

The neighbor upstairs is from Thailand. (or downstairs)

We bought the house in the middle.

The city replaced the sidewalk in front [of the house].  (genitive "of")

TIMING

The race next week will be a marathon.

The race that is coming up will be a marathon. (expression "occurring")

 

GENITIVE/POSSESSION

The house of my neighbor is green. (neighbor is usually genitive)

I painted the house of my neighbor.

I painted the door of the house.

EXPRESSION

The man of the moment is Geog Clooney. (currently popular)

The movie star in question was back in rehab.  (unidentified, in doubt)

The band went on tour around the world.  (extensive, not literally)

 

~used by some speakers and not used by others

See Hyphens for details on linking modifiers to a noun.

 

 

 

Prepositions 

Noun Included in Word

 

 

Locational Prepositions that Include Nouns

here

there

abroad

ahead

apart

ashore

aside

away

downstairs

downhill

upstairs

uphill

indoors

inside

outdoors

outside

overhead

overseas

underground

underfoot

backward(s)

forward(s)

downward(s)

upward(s)

northward

eastward

southward

westward

See Prep Uses (temporal list).

 

 

 

Temporal Nouns that Include Prepositions

afternoon

afterward(s)

today

tomorrow

yesterday

afterward — Old English "later direction" <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/afterward>

today — Old English "on the day" <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/today>

tomorrow — Old English "on the morrow" (morning) <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/tomorrow>

yesterday — Old English "the other day" <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/yesterday>

 

 

 

Practice 1

A Ticket for Squeaky Rocking

reader
 

 

Read the Context

Police in Saguenay, Quebec gave a ticket to a 92-year-old woman in a rocking chair. Her neighbors next door complained that the constant squeaking of the chair was keeping them awake.  Furthermore, the volume of her television in her living room was too loud. Police came to the house on April 17 and reluctantly issued a $148 ticket to the woman.

When people in her community learned about the incident, they were in a state of disbelief. Her lawyer said that this way of handling the situation was unnecessary and "embarrassing". The police department in Saguenay reconsidered the action of issuing the elderly woman a ticket. The ticket to the 91-year-old woman in the squeaky rocking chair was withdrawn by the next day.

Glossary

constant (Adj) — continuing; non-stop

issue (V) — write or print out (formally)

disbelief (N) — the inability or refusal to believe or to accept something as true

reluctantly (Adv) — not willingly

the squeak (NP) — a single high-pitched sound (like a mouse)

the squeaking (NP) — an ongoing or repeated high pitched sound (like a wheel) See nouns that end in -ing.

state (N) — the condition of a person or thing (a state of health, a state of mind)

ticket (N) — a notice to pay a penalty for breaking the law

volume (N) — how loud the sound is on an audio device (TV, radio, laptop, etc.)

withdraw (V) — take back

 

"Saguenay police withdraw $148 ticket for noisy rocking chair" CBC News Montreal, 01 May 2015. Web. 9 May 2015.

 

 

Which word, phrase or clause is the preposition / prepositional phrase?

  1. Check all that apply. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "Check" or "Check 1-10" button. 

 

1.
Police in Saguenay, Quebec gave a ticket to a 92-year-old woman in a rocking chair.
Which words modify "woman"?








2.
The neighbors next door complained that the constant squeaking of the chair was keeping them awake. 

Which words are modified by a prepositional phrase?








3.
Furthermore, the volume of her television in her living-room was too loud.

Which words are modified by a prepositional phrase?








4.
Police came to the house on April 17 and reluctantly issued a $148 ticket to the woman.

Which words are modified by a prepositional phrase?






5.
When people in Quebec heard about the incident in Saguenay, they were in a state of disbelief.

Which words are modified by a prepositional phrase?










6.
Her lawyer said that this way of handling the situation was unnecessary and "embarrassing".

Which words modify "way"?






7.
The police department in Saguenay reconsidered their action of issuing the elderly woman a ticket.

Which words modify "action"?








8.
The ticket to the 91-year-old woman in the squeaky rocking chair was withdrawn by the next day.

Which words are modified by a prepositional phrase?