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18 July 2021 — Affect/Effect

 

Which word should be used — affect or effect?

 

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Before now, we had not seen flooding on a scale so severe that it could affect/effect the relocation of the city to higher ground.

 

Choose one option.
 

1.

Before now, we had not seen flooding on a scale so severe that it could affect the relocation of the city to higher ground.

2.

Before now, we had not seen flooding on a scale so severe that it could effect the relocation of the city to higher ground.

 

GLOSSARY

  • affect (V) – influence, sway, alter, change, touch
  • devastating (Adj) – causing great damage or harm (as with an earthquake, flood or fire)
  • effect (N) – a result. an outcome (primary used as a noun but also a verb)
  • effect (V) – power to bring about a result, make happen, carry out, accomplish
  • empower (V) – give official authority or legal power to
  • relocation (N) – the moving of something or someone from one place to another place
  • scale (N) – a measurement, system, range, scope, proportion (Seismic magnitude scales are used to describe the overall strength or "size" of an earthquake.); a device to measure weight (The nurse placed the newborn baby on the scale.)
  • severe (Adj) – harsh, serious, threatening, extreme

SOURCES

  • Garner, Bryan A. "affect;effect." Garner's Modern American Usage. 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2009.
  • ———. "effect."
  • Merriam-Webster. "effect." 2016, merriam-webster.com.
  • Swan, Michael. "173 efficient and effective." Practical English Usage, 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2005.

IMAGE

  • "Researchers Develop Flood Prediction Tool." By South Carolina National Guard, National Science Foundation. 3 Jul 2021. nsf.gov/discoveries/disc_images.jsp. Accessed 17 Jul 2021.