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4 July 2021 — A lot of

 

In this example, which word or phrase determines verb agreement, and why?

 

Dog Food

A lot of dog food products is/are made from by-products of the meat industry.

 

Choose one option.
 

1.

A lot of dog food products is made from by-products of the meat industry.

2.

A lot of dog food products are made from by-products of the meat industry.

3.

A lot of dog food products are made from by-products of the meat industry.

 

GLOSSARY

  • a group (NP) a collective noun, one set of items or people; A group of people are here. (Note the verb agrees with "group".)
  • a lot (NP) – [1] one of a set of objects, as straws or pebbles, drawn to decide a winner by chance; [2] the drawing of lots; [3] a share; [4] a parcel of land; [5] items designated as a group (e.g. dye lot, vaccine lot); [6] items grouped for sale at an auction; [7] a considerable quantity. See "lot" Websters Dictionary.
  • a lot of (Determinative / Predeterminative Quantifier) – a quantity expression meaning "a large quantity or number"
  • by-product (N) – secondary product made in the production or manufacture of something else
  • "closest noun" in teaching grammar, this term is often used for quantifier agreement, but it is only helpful if no additional modifiers are included: A lot of dog food products (in the United State) are made from by-products of the meat industry.
  • head – in grammar, it is the primary word of the phrase; it is called  head because of its role (meaning) in the phrase
  • literal (Adj) – having a "word for word" meaning; each word carries its primary dictionary meaning
  • figurative (Adj) – idiom, expression, two or more words together express a meaning (each word does not keep its dictionary meaning)

SOURCES

  • Garner, Bryan A. "A Large Amount of." Garner's Modern American Usage. 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2009.
  • Huddleston, Rodney D., and Geoffrey K. Pullum. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge UP, 2002.
  • ———. "Non-count quantificational nouns" 5 §3.3 [57]
  • ———. "Non-count quantificational nouns selecting a singular oblique" 5 §3.3 [59]
  • ———. "Non-count quantificational nouns" 5 §3.3
  • ———. "Partitive– some of the" 5 §9.1
  • ———. "Predeterminer Modifiers"
  • Merriam-Webster. "a lot of." 2016, merriam-webster.com.
  • Murphy, Raymond. "Pronouns and Determiners." English Grammar in Use. 5th ed., Cambridge UP. 2019.
  • Swan, Michael. "[a] lot, lots, plenty, a great deal, a large amount, a large number, the majority" Practical English Usage, 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2005.

IMAGE

  • Dog food. By J. Sevastopoulos, 3 Jul 2021.