Grammar-QuizzesNoun PhrasesDeterminersArticles–The › The –One Identified

The – One Identified

Refer to a known one or ones

 

 

The–definite item (identified) vs. all

  — ALL IN GENREAL

No article is used before a noun when mentioning something in general and not speaking about an exact item or a specific item. A noncount noun takes the simple form (e.g. salami, cheese, milk). A count noun takes the plural form (e.g. crackers, classes, cars). This use is indefinite & unspecific – "true for all of its kind; any one / any ones".                                          

Salami in generalSalami is very salty.  (noncount noun)

crackers in generalCrackers are salty. (count noun)

(also called crisps, thins, biscuits)

classes in generalClasses always fill up quickly.

people in generalPeople head for the beach in the summer.

(People, not marked with the expected -s, is a plural-only noun with no singular form.)

car People prefer to drive their own vehicles (cars).

THE —SOME  THAT IS KNOWN 

The article the is used before a noun when mentioning something that is specific — known because there is identifying information about exactly which one or ones. The is followed by a noun in its normal count or noncount noun form¹. The noun often includes a modifier (adjective, relative clause or prep phrase) that specifies which one(s). This use is definite & specific – "true for some, this one / these ones".

salami - specific oneThe salami I bought is very salty.

("Salami" identified as the cured meat I bought.)

 

crackersThe crackers I tasted are salty.

("Crackers" identified as the ones I tasted.)

classes in specificThe classes at my gym always fill up quickly.

("Classes" identified as those at my gym.)

people-specificallyThe people in my area head for beach in the summer.

("People" identified as those in my area.)

bicycleThe people that I know prefer to ride a bicycle.

("People" identified as the group I know.)

 

Terms

 

Combinations expressed by article use:

 

¹ See Count & Noncount Nouns | Group Nouns | The — Group Characteristics (an exception!)

 

 

 

 

The with Nouns

Singular/Plural and Noncount

 

 

Count vs Noncount Nouns

COUNT NOUNS

The is used with a count noun when referring to a definite & specific one (singular) or ones (plural).

COUNT—SPECIFIC & DEFINITE

The cracker in my hand is tasty. A definite one.

The crackers in my hand are tasty. Some definite ones.

SPECIFIC & INDEFINITE

A cracker would be tasty with this salami.  An unknown one.

Some crackers would be tasty with this salami. Some unknown ones.

UNSPECIFIC & INDEFINITE

Crackers are tasty.   All crackers.

A cracker is tasty.  Any cracker.

NONCOUNT NOUNS

The is used with a noncount noun when referring to a specific or definite mass, group or quantity.

NONCOUNT—UNSPECIFIC & INDEFINITE

The salami on that plate is tasty. A known one.

UNSPECIFIC & INDEFINITE

Some salami would be tasty with this cracker.   True for an unknown one.

UNSPECIFIC & INDEFINITE

Salami is tasty.   True for all salami.

 

A count noun is a unit, an item in a group that can be counted. A number can be placed before it: three crackers. It can take the plural form. Most count nouns belong to a collective group which is a noncount noun.  Occasionally, a noncount noun ends in -s : news, measles, mathematics, series, means (These are word forms that happen to end in -s.)

A noncount noun is a group, mass or collective noun. It is not countable because it is too small, a particle, liquid, gas, or a concept or activity. A noncount or collective noun takes the singular form .

 

 

 

 

 

Common Mistakes

Errors and Solutions

 

 

Error and Solution

ERROR

*The life is difficult for me in my country.

*After sailing for five weeks, Christopher Columbus saw a land.

*The English is a hard language for me to learn.

*The Englishes sent their navy to defeat the Spanishes.

*Blind learn how to navigate the sidewalks safely.

*Alice in a Wonderland – Lewis Carroll

SOLUTION

Life is difficult for me in my country.

After sailing for five weeks, Christopher Columbus saw land(generic, not specific)

English is a hard language for me to learn.

The English sent their navy to defeat the Spanish.

See The — Nationalities (The group is an exception!) 

The blind learn how to navigate the sidewalks safely.

See The — Group Characteristics (The group is an exception!) 

Alice in Wonderland – Lewis Carroll   book title
 

 

*Yellow highlighted words are examples of incorrect usage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

People are Funny

cafe people
 

 

Generalize – choose the article forms that refer to all.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

1.
a little before sitting down.   
    I've never understood this.    You wouldn't think that moving a chair an inch would make a difference, but apparently it does.
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

Graffiti Art

graffiti
 

 

All in general or a specific one?

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

graffiti.org

13.


     

14.


     

15.


     

16.


     

17.


     

18.


     

19.


     

20.


     

21.


     

22.


     

23.


     

24.


     

25.


     

 

fine (N) – money that you have to pay as a punishment

illegal (Adj) – against the law

portfolio (N) – an artist's printed collection of work

praise (N) – expressing approval that someone did something well