Grammar-QuizzesNoun PhrasesDeterminers › Quantity Phrases

Quantity Phrases

Indicate a particular amount

computer technician
 

Each v. Both v. Most

1. EACH— SINGULAR 2. BOTH—PLURAL 3. MOST

Each is included in a group of quantifiers that can function as [1] a determiner to a noun (a modifier), [2] a noun (quantifier), [3] or the head of a quantity phrase (noun + prep. phrase)  Each is singular in agreement with the verb.

Both is included in a group of quantifiers that can function as [1] a determiner, [2] a quantity noun, or [3] the head of a quantity phrase.  Both is plural in agreement with the verb.

Most is included in a group of quantifiers that functions differently from the others. The quantifier or quantity expression modifies a noun or noun phrase. The head noun of the phrase determines the verbal agreement.

1A. DETERMINER 2A. DETERMINER 3A. DETERMINER

     arrow indicates one and knows agrees
Each technician knows the solution. 

 

Verb agrees with quantity determiner.

    arrow indicates one and knows agrees
Both
techs know the solution. 

 

Verb agrees with quantity determiner.

             arrow indicates one and knows agrees
Most jobs require skills.

Most work requires skills.

Verb agrees with the preceding noun.

1B. QUANTITY NOUN 2B. QUANTITY NOUN 3B. QUANTITY NOUN

   arrow indicates one and knows agrees
Each knows the solution. 

 

Verb agrees with sng. quantity noun.

   arrow indicates one and knows agrees
Both
know the solution. 

 

Verb agrees with quantity noun.

                 arrow indicates one and knows agrees
Most require skills. (jobs)

Most requires skills. (work)

Verb agrees with the understood noun.

1C. HEAD OF QUANTITY PHRASE 2C. HEAD OF QUANTITY PHRASE 3C. MODIFIER TO HEAD NOUN¹

   arrow indicates one and knows agrees
Each of the techs knows the solution. 

    arrow indicates one and knows agrees
Both of the techs know the solution. 

                      arrow indicates one and know agrees
Most of the job requires skills.

Most of the jobs require skills.

Most of the work requires skills.

           arrow indicates one and knows agrees
Every one of the techs knows the solution.

Verb agrees with singular quantity phrase.

            arrow indicates one and knows agrees
A couple of the techs know the solution. 

Verb agrees with plural quantity phrase.

                                arrow indicates one and know agrees
A lot of the tech jobs require skills.

Verb agrees with head noun of noun phrase

Categories: N – noun; NP – noun phrase;DetDeterminer; Predeterminers; V – verb; VP – verb phrase; Adv – adverb; PP – prepositional phrase;

ModModifier –; HeadHead (primary element in a phrase); QuantQuantifier

Agreement: sngsingular; plplural; CN count noun (e.g., job, computer); NCNnoncount noun (e.g., work, equipment)

¹ Also see diagrams: Two Analyses of Most in Grammar Notes section below.

 

Glossary

Determiner – is a word category that includes quantifiers, articles, demonstratives, ordinal numbers, etc.; see Determiners.

delimited – in grammar, the quantifying determiner defines the limits (each, all), specifies in part (half, a few, ten percent), or estimates (some, a lot).

equipment (N) – collective noun for required items for a particular purpose (e.g., devices, machines, computers, tools or sporting goods)

head – in grammar, it is the primary word of the phrase; it is called  head because of its important role (meaning) in the phrase

precedes (V) – comes before in position (or time)

predeterminer – in grammar, a modifier to the determiner; see Predeterminer

quantity (N) – an amount of something that can be counted or measured

quantify (V) – to determine the amount or number of something

quantifiers (N) – a grammatical term for noun markers expressing quantity

require (V) – need, be necessary

skill (N) – expertise, special knowledge about the subject or practiced abilities

solution (N) – the answer, the way to solve or fix the problem

tech (N) – shortened form of technician, a person who repairs or services computers.

understood (Adj) – in grammar, some nouns are known from context, previous mention or both have a mutual understanding.

unlimited – in grammar, the meaning of the quantifying determiner is universal, unlimited; it does not define or limit (e.g. any, all, every).

update (V) – install current hardware parts or software programs

 

 

 

 

 

Quantifiers like Each

Singular in Agreement

 

 
QUANTITY DETERMINER SUBJECT PREDICATE + COMPLMENT
DELIMITED, DEFINED DET + SNG. CN SINGULAR VERB AGREEMENT

EACH

ONE

Each computer 

One computer  

needs updating.

needs updating.

NEITHER

EITHER

Neither computer

Either¹  computer

needs updating.

needs updating.

DELIMITED DET + NCN SINGULAR VERB AGREEMENT

MUCH

LITTLE

Much work (noncount)

Little work

needs to be done.

needs to be done.

UNLIMITED DET + N SINGULAR VERB AGREEMENT

ANY

EVERY

Any² computer

Every computer  

needs updating.

needs updating.

¹ Either (Det.) has two meanings: one or the other (free choice), one and the other (both) See Either/Neither.

² Any is usually singular in agreement, but may require plural agreement in questions.  Do any computers need updating?

 

 

 

 
QUANTITY NOUN SUBJECT PREDICATE + COMPLMENT
DELIMITED & DEFINED CN SNG V

EACH

ONE

NONE

Each¹

One

None

needs updating.

needs updating.

needs updating. / need updating. (informal)

NEITHER

EITHER 

Neither

Either

needs updating.

needs updating.

DELIMITED, DEFINED IN PART NCN SNG V

MUCH

LITTLE

Much

Little

needs to be done.

needs to be done.

UNLIMITED, UNIVERSAL CN SNG V

ANY

EVERY

Any²  / Any one / Anyone

Every³  / Every one / Everyone

needs updating.

needs updating.

¹ The meaning of the subject noun is understood from context.

² Any rarely occurs as a stand-alone quantity noun: Which one do you want? Any is fine.(free choice) Note that any one refers to an animate or inanimate item; anyone (indefinite pronoun) refers to an unknown person. See Any One vs. Anyone.

³ Every is not used as a stand-alone quantity noun. Use every one or everyone / everybody instead. See link above.

 

 

 
QUANTITY NOUN PHRASE SUBJECT PREDICATE + COMPLMENT
DELIMITED & DEFINED NP = N + [P + THE + PL CN] SNG VERB

EACH OF

Each of the¹ computers

Each of the *computer  (plural required)

Each of *computers (the required)

needs updating.

ONE OF

MORE THAN ONE OF

One² of the computers

More than one of the computers

needs updating.

NONE OF

 

NOT ONE OF

None of the computers

None of the computers

Not one of the computers

needs updating.  

need³ updating. (informal)

needs updating.

NEITHER OF

EITHER OF

Neither of the computers   

Either of the computers

needs updating.

needs updating. (choice)

DELIMITED, ESTIMATED NP = N [P + THE + NCN] SNG VERB

MUCH OF

LITTLE OF

Much of the equipment. (the required)

Little of the equipment. (the required)

needs updating.

DELIMITED, ESTIMATED NP = N [P + (THE OPTIONAL) + NCN] SNG VERB

A GREAT DEAL OF

A GOOD DEAL OF

A LITTLE OF

(a large amount, a small amount, a smidgen of, a bit of, etc.)

A great deal of equipment 

A good deal of the equipment 

A great deal of *computers

needs updating. (sing.)

UNLIMITED NP = N [P +THE + PL CN] USUALLY SINGULAR VERB

ANY OF

Any of the computers

Do any of the computers / *Does any

Not any of the computers

needs updating. (free choice)

need updating? (exception)

need updating.

*EVERY OF

EVERY ONE OF

 

*Every of the computers

Every one of the computers

Every one of *computers

 

needs updating.

 

*Not used

¹ the computers – "the" specifies a subset, a particular group of computers. Each requires a defined, limited group. Every, in contrast, does not. (Each of the computers needs updating. Every computer needs updating.)

² one – can be a determiner (one computer/a computer) or an ordinal number (one, two, three). Here, it is an article/determiner.

³ none – in formal usage, none agrees with the quantifier (singular) None of the books is here.; in informal usage, none agrees with the noun of the phrase ("closest noun").  None of the books are here. Plural agreement commonly occurs.

every one refers to an animate or an inanimate item. Everyone (indefinite pronoun) refers to everybody (all in general). See Any One vs. Anyone.

Also see Either v. Neither | Each Other vs. One Another | Indefinite Pronouns – Quantity Phrase Agreement.

 

 

 

 

Quantifiers like Both

Plural in Agreement

 

 

 
QUANTITY DETERMINER SUBJECT PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT  
DELIMITED & DEFINED DET + PL. COUNT NOUN PLURAL VERB

BOTH 

Both computers

need updating. (plural)

DELIMITED, DEFINED IN PART DET + PL. COUNT NOUN PLURAL VERB

FEW

MANY / SEVERAL

Few computers

Several computers

need updating. (plural)

A COUPLE

¹A couple computers

need updating. (plural)

 

 

¹ a couple computers – informal to some; the prep phrase is fused with the quantity noun. A couple [of ] computers. A couple [of the] computers.

Also see Most vs. Most of the.

 

 

 
QUANTITY NOUN SUBJECT PREDICATE + COMPLMENT
DELIMITED & DEFINED NOUN PLURAL VERB

BOTH 

Both¹

need updating. (plural)

DELIMITED & DEFINED IN PART NOUN PLURAL VERB

FEW

MANY

SEVERAL

Few

Many

Several

need updating. (plural)

DELIMITED & DEFINED IN PART NOUN PHRASE PLURAL VERB

A COUPLE

A FEW

A LOT

A NUMBER

A couple

A few

A lot

A number

need updating. (plural)

 

¹ The meaning of the subject noun is understood from context.

 

 
QUANTITY NOUN PHRASE SUBJECT PREDICATE + COMPLMENT
DELIMITED & DEFINED NP = N + P [THE REQUIRED] PL CN PLURAL VERB

BOTH OF (two)

 

Both of the computers

 

need updating. (plural)

DELIMITED & DEFINED IN PART NP = N + P [THE-REQUIRED] PL CN PLURAL VERB

FEW OF

MANY OF

SEVERAL OF

Few of the computers

Many of the computers

Several of the computers

need updating. (plural)

DELIMITED & DEFINED IN PART NP = N + P [THE-OPTIONAL] PL CN PLURAL VERB

A COUPLE OF

A FEW OF

A NUMBER OF

A couple of (the) computers

A few of (the) computers

A number of (the) computers

need updating. (plural)

(Huddleston 5 7.3)

Also see A number of vs. The number of | A few vs. Few

 

 

 

 

Quantifiers like Most

Plural / Singular or Plural

 

 
QUANTITY DETERMINER SUBJECT PREDICATE  + COMPLMENT
DELIMITED & ESTIMATED NOUN PHRASE = DET + PL. CN / NCN SNG / PL VERB

MOST  

Most equipment

Most computers

Most *computer

needs frequent updating.

need frequent updating.

SOME  

Some equipment

Some computers

Some *computer

requires repairing.

require repairing.

UNLIMITED, UNIVERSAL NP = DET + CN / NCN PLURAL VERB

ALL 

All equipment

All computers

All *computer

need frequent updating.

need frequent updating.

* Not used.

closest noun – the noun directly before the verb, often the object of the preposition

 

 
QUANTITY NOUN SUBJECT PREDICATE  + COMPLMENT
DELIMITED, ESTIMATED NOUN PLURAL VERB

MOST  

Most¹ (equipment)

Most (computers)

needs frequent updating.

need frequent updating.

SOME  

Some (equipment)

Some (computers)

requires repairing.

require repairing.

UNLIMITED, UNIVERSAL NOUN PLURAL VERB

ALL 

All (equipment)

All (computers)

needs frequent updating.

need frequent updating.

¹ The meaning of the subject noun is understood from context

 

 
QUANTITY NOUN PHRASE SUBJECT PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT 
DELIMITED & ESTIMATED NP = N + [P + THE CN / NCN] SNG / PL VERB

MOST OF

*MOST OF (not used without the)

the remainder of, the rest of

Most  of the equipment (noncount)

Most  of the computers (count)

*Most of computers

needs updating. 

need updating. 

 

MUCH OF / MANY OF

Much of the equipment

Many of the computers

needs updating. (sng.)

need updating.  (pl.)

SOME OF

Some of the equipment 

Some of the computers 

needs updating. (sng.)

need updating.  (pl.)

HALF OF 

Half of the equipment 

Half of the computers

needs updating. (sng.)

need updating.  (pl.)

TEN PERCENT OF

Ten percent of the equipment

Ten percent of the computers

needs updating. (sng.)

need updating.  (pl.)

NONE OF

NOT ANY OF

 

None of the equipment

None of the computers

None of the computers 

needs updating. (sng.)

needs updating.  (pl.)

need updating.  (less formal: pl.)

DELIMITED, ESTIMATED NP = N + [P + THE-OPTIONAL CN / NCN] SNG / PL VERB

A LOT OF

LOTS OF

plenty, lots, bags heaps, loads, oodles, stacks

A lot of equipment

A lot of computers

needs updating. (sng.)

need updating.  (pl.)

DELIMITED, ESTIMATED NP = N + [P + THE-OPTIONAL CN] SNG / PL VERB

DOZENS OF

scores, tens, hundreds, thousands, millions

Dozens of computers

Dozens of the computers

need updating.  (pl.)

DELIMITED, ESTIMATED NP = N + [P + THE-OPTIONAL NCN] SNG / PL VERB

A GREAT DEAL OF

a good deal of, a large amount of

A great deal of equipment 

A *great deal of computers

needs updating. (sng.)

UNLIMITED NP = N + [P + THE CN / NCN] SINGULAR & PLURAL VERB

ALL OF

All of the equipment 

All of the computers 

needs updating. (sng.)

needs updating.  (pl.)

*not used

 

 

 

References
   

"a large amount of" Garner 43

"[a] lot, lots, plenty, a great deal, a large amount, a large number, the majority" Swan 333

"Determiners." Biber 4.4

"Collocations of Quantifying Collectives." Biber 4.3.4.1

"Non-count quantificational nouns" Huddleston 5 §3.3 [57]

"Non-count quantificational nouns selecting a singular oblique" Huddleston §3.3 [59]

"Non-count quantificational nouns" Huddleston 5 §3.3

"Partitive– some of the" "non-partitive – some" Huddleston 5 §9.1

"Predeterminer Modifiers" Huddleston 5 §12

"Pronouns and Determiners." (quantifying nouns) Murphy Units 87–91

"Quantifying Nouns." Biber 4.3.6

"Subject-Verb Agreement Using Quantity Expressions" Azar 6-3

See Works Cited in Grammar section, below, for full bibliographical information.

 

Related pages: Much / Many | Little / Few | Most /Most of the | More / -er…thanMost/-est | Pop-Q "A couple" | Pop-Q "One of the few" | Pop-Q "Small amount".

 

 

 

 

Fractional Quantities

Half

The Capitol

 

 

A Half / Half a

A HALF

An article (determiner) is used before a fraction: a half, a third, a fourth.  A prepositional phrase is used after the quantity: of a kilo, of a dollar, of an apple.   The expression a half + of a noun is often reduced to a half noun (less common with third, quarter, etc.)

The Capitol is a half mile ahead.  (common)

~ The Capitol is a quarter mile ahead.

* The Capitol is a third mile ahead.     

A half hour is a long time to wait. 

~ A quarter hour is a long time to wait.

A third hour is a long time to wait.   

We bought a half pound of peanuts. 

We bought one and a half pounds of peanuts.

One and a half pounds are enough. (pl.) 

HALF A

The expression a half + of a noun can be reduced to half + a noun before an expression of quantity or measurement (mile, pound, hour, degree, etc.)   I'd like (a) half (of) a pound.                                                                                                                                              

The Capitol is half a mile ahead.

~The Capitol is half of a mile ahead.

* The Capitol is quarter a mile ahead.     

Half an hour is a long time to wait.

~Half of an hour is a long time to wait.

* Quarter an hour is a long time to wait.

We bought half a pound of peanuts.

Half a pound of peanuts is enough.

* We bought one and half a pound of peanuts.  

 

~ Less commonly used; used by some speakers; more often of is left out.

* Not used.

Also note: We ordered a "half grapefruit". (a menu item)  vs.  We ate half a grapefruit. (a quantity);  We ate "raw oysters on the half shell." (a menu item) vs. We ate oysters on half a shell.  (a quantity-fraction of a shell/plate) 

 

 

 

 
HALF OF

A prepositional phrase with of is commonly used after a fraction: a half + of a noun, also with third, fourth, fifth, tenth, etc.

Half of the tour was about history.  (before a noun)

We spent half of our time visiting museums. 

We saw half of them.   (before a pronoun)

The two halves of Congress will meet.   (with a larger number)

HALF

Often, we shorten the prepositional phrase and omit of after half (but not thirds, fourths etc.) with measurements such as inch, kilo, pound, hour.

Half the tour was about history.  (before a noun) 

We spent half our time visiting museums.

*We saw half them.    (Use half of before a pronoun.)

*The two halves Congress will meet.  (Use of.)
   

 

*not used

We tend to say, "half an inch, half a kilo, half an hour" and "I'd like half a pound of something." However, with other fractions we say "a third of a kilo" or "two-thirds of a kilo".

(Swan 333)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Quantity of

Negatives

 

Quantity vs. A Unit

QUANTITY

Use a negative word before a quantity expression to indicate little or none.

There's not much of the toilet paper left. / Little of the toilet paper is left. (some)

Not any of the toilet paper is left.  (no amount)

None of the toilet paper is left.  

A UNIT

Use not a before a unit amount to indicate few or none.  Optionally, use the before the noun.

There's not a lot of toilet paper left.  (some)

Not a sheet of toilet paper is left.  (0 pieces)

Not a one/ a bit/ a piece is left.  one (pronoun) – refers to sheet

 

Solution - lightbulbPop-Q "Not a…one"

 

 

 

 

Compare

Each / Every

hula hoop
 

 

Each / Every

EACH

Each focuses on an individual or unit and includes "all".  The individual is special or important. Each is singular in agreement.

FOCUS ON THE INDIVIDUAL

Each child gets a cookie today.  You are special.  (attention to the individual)

Each child is receiving special attention at our school. (good for the individual)

EVERY

Every focuses on the inclusion of all individuals or units in a group. Including every one (item) is important. Every is singular in agreement.

FOCUS ON INCLUSION

Every child gets a cookie today.  (attention to not forgetting anyone)

All children get a cookie / cookies¹ today. (pl – in general, no group)

Every child is receiving special attention at our school. (good for the group)

 

¹ Agreement is more difficult with plural all. Unclear: do all children get one cookie (shared) or do all children get one or more (per child)?
inclusion (N) – having all elements as a whole group

 

 

 

 

 

 

A number of / The number of

Express several or an amount

 

hula hoop
 

 

A number of / The number of

A NUMBER OF

A number of, "several"  (an indefinite number) modifies a plural noun. Together they are plural in agreement with the verb. [modifier + noun]

A number of hula hoops are pink. 

We saw a number of hula hoops.  (several) 

A number of hula hoops have disappeared. (are missing)

THE NUMBER OF

 The number of states a quantity, an exact or inexact amount. The noun is singular in agreement with the verb.  [noun + prep phrase]

The number of hula hoops is fifteen.  

We saw the number of  hula hoops. (Use a BE verb.)
We saw that the number of hula hoops was rather small. /We noticed the number of hula hoops. (the overall amount)

The number of hula hoops has increased
 

 

Also see  A number of / The number of  (articles).

 

 

 

Common Mistakes

Errors and Solutions

 

Error and Solution

ERROR

*One of the girls who is learning English was born in India.

(a misidentified subject)

*Of the girls who is learning English, one was born in India.

(You can more easily see the error if you reword the sentence.)

She is one of the only girls who fully understands the problem.

 

There's a lot of cases of Coronavirus right now in India.

(There's includes a verb. It should not be used as a "frozen phrase".)

SOLUTION

One of the [girls who are learning English] was born in India.

 (girls is the noun that is modified by "who are learning English".

Of the girls (who) are learning English, one was born in India.

 The subject is who which refers to girls.

She is one of the few girls who fully understand the problem.

("One of "is followed by a quantity, but "only" limits the quantity to one.

There are a lot of cases of Coronavirus right now in India.

There're a lot of cases of Corona virus… (informal contraction)

 

*Yellow highlighted words are examples of incorrect usage.

 

 

 

► Show Grammar Diagrams and Works Cited ▼ Hide Grammar Notes

Grammar Notes (Advanced)

Two Analyses of Most

 

Quantifier vs. Noun as Head of the Phrase (Verbal Agreement)

QUANTIFIER IS "HEAD" OF THE PHRASE

Most is usually analyzed as the quantifier at the head of the quantity phrase with a prepositional phrase as its modifier. This analysis regards most as the head of the quantity phrase, the primary word of "importance". The problem, with this analysis is that the verb does not agree with most; it agrees with the noun in the prepositional phrase (computers).                                                               

NOUN IS "HEAD" OF THE PHRASE

An alternative analysis is with most of as a predeterminer, a two-word modifying expression to the noun in the quantity phrase.. This analysis regards the noun (computers) as the head of the quantity phrase. There are some good arguments for this analysis, because the verb agrees with the noun computers, not most. This analysis also applies well to a lot of, a great deal of, a number of, some of, and all of.

 

A quantity phrase includes a quantity noun (e.g., most) and a prepositional phrase (e.g., of the computers). There are two analyses: [1] the phrase modifies the quantity noun; or [2] the quantity phrase (most of) modifies the noun phrase that follows (the computers). For a detailed explanation, see Huddleston 5 §3.3 [58] (C).

head – in grammar, it is the primary word of the phrase.  It is called a head because of (1) its initial (beginning) position in the phrase or (2) its role (meaning) in the phrase.  (In the case of a double preposition, it is the first preposition that is the head.)

Also see Pop-Q – A lot of.
 

 

Works Cited

  • Azar, Betty Schrampfer, and Stacy A. Hagen. "Subject-Verb Agreement Using Quantity Expressions." Understanding and Using English Grammar. 4th ed., Pearson Education, 2009.
  • Biber, Douglas, and Stig Johansson, et al. "Determiners." Longman Grammar Of Spoken And Written English. Pearson Education, 1999.
  • ———. "Collocations of Quantifying Collectives."
  • ———. "Quantifying Nouns."
  • Garner, Bryan A. "A Large Amount of." Garner's Modern American Usage. 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2009.
  • Huddleston, Rodney D., and Geoffrey K. Pullum. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge UP, 2002.
  • ———. "Non-count quantificational nouns" 5 §3.3 [57]
  • ———. "Non-count quantificational nouns selecting a singular oblique" 5 §3.3 [59]
  • ———. "Non-count quantificational nouns" 5 §3.3
  • ———. "Partitive– some of the" 5 §9.1
  • ———. "Predeterminer Modifiers"
  • Merriam-Webster. "half." 2016, merriam-webster.com.
  • Murphy, Raymond. "Pronouns and Determiners." English Grammar in Use. 5th ed., Cambridge UP. 2019.
  • Swan, Michael. "Half." Practical English Usage, 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2005.
  • ———. "[a] lot, lots, plenty, a great deal, a large amount, a large number, the majority"

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

Spending Vacation Time

guy in hammock
 

 

Quantity Phrase Agreement

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" or "check 1-10" button.

 

 

1.

2.

3.

4.
 

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.
  (I have no particular plans.)

10.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

Martha's Show

Martha's TV Show
 

 

Read for Errors

Much of Martha's ideas are interesting ones. One of her usual topics are keeping a home vegetable garden. Some of her demonstrations seems easy to do. Much of the food look fresh and colorful. She grows lettuce, carrots, tomatoes, squash, and so on—all of the food are organic.

Half of the shows is about cooking. Each of her guests assist her. Most of the guests have a good time helping. Sometimes, neither she nor her guest are paying attention to the time. None of the guests leave without having fun.

assist (V) — help do something

cooking demonstration (N) — show; how-to-do something

guest (N) — an invited person

pay attention (v.p.) — look, listen, and think about something completely

turn out (V) — result

 

 

 

 

Determine if the sentence is correct or incorrect.

  1. Select the option that best describes the sentence.
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "Check" or "Check 11-20" button.

 

11.
Much of Martha's television program are interesting.
   

12.
One of her usual topics are keeping a home vegetable garden.
   

13.
Some of her demonstrations seems easy to do. 
   

14.
Much of the food looks fresh and colorful.
   

15.
She grows lettuce, carrots, tomatoes, squash, and so on—all of the food are organic.
   

16.
Half of the shows is about  cooking.
   

17.
Each of her guests assist her.
   

18.
Most of the guests have a good time helping.
   

19.
Sometimes, neither she nor her guest are paying attention to the time.
   

20.
None of the guests leave without having fun.
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 3

Vitamin Water

Vitamin Water
 

 

Read the Paragraph (without quantifiers)

Vitamin water sold in colorful bottles has little nutritional value. The nutrients vary from one brand to the next. A possible benefit is hydration —drinking enough water. People don't drink enough water, so these flavored waters may help them want to consume more water. However, these vitamin-water drinks contain a lot of sugar. Brand drinks contain artificial sweeteners.

[The water] has flavoring. [The bottle] contains more than one serving. This means [% bottle] is the serving for the calories on the label. [A bottle] of this vitamin water is expensive. Instead, nutritionists advise eating a healthy diet with nutrient rich vegetables and fruit. You can get your nutrition from eating a healthy diet.

artificial (Adj) – man-made, not natural

benefit (N) – advantage, improvement, help

consume (V) – eat or drink

hydration (N) – drinking and keeping enough water in the body

nutrients (N) –  calories and vitamins that give the body what it needs to grow

nutritional (Adj) – relating to the substances in food that help you to stay healthy

nutritionist (N) – a person who studies and advises people about what is healthy to eat

sweetener (N) – sugar or syrup that makes food sweet

value (N) the importance or usefulness of something

vary (V) – differ

vitamin (N) – a chemical substance in food that is necessary for good health, such as Vitamins A, C, or D.

 

 

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these vitamin-water drinks contain a lot of sugar.