a spoonful of
a bottle of (glass, plastic)
a cup of, a mug of, a pot of
a glass of
a pitcher of
a barrel of (wood [oak])
a gallon of, a liter of (container size)
a peck of ( container size, ~2 gallons)
a bag of (paper or plastic)
a sack of (coth)
a box, a tin, a package (cardboard, metal, plastic)
a carton of (mostly cardboard)
a plate of
a bowl of
a pound of, a kilo of (weight)
a bushel of (container size, 4 pecks, 8 gallons)
"bushel." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 22 Aug. 2016, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bushel.
"peck." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 22 Aug. 2016,en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peck.
a lump / hunk / chunk / dollop of
a stalk of
a spear of
a stick of
a head of
an ear of (ear botany)
a wheel of
a slice of
a pod of (pods)
a clove of
a bunch / a cluster of
a sprig of
a pile of
a stack of
a leaf of
a sheet of
a bar of, a square of
a cube of (small)
a block of (large)
a loaf of
a handful of
an armful of, an armload of
An article is used before an animal name such as a dog, a cat, a turkey. (The noun is unspecific, any.) The word cattle is an exception.
cattle (no singular form exists)
a calf (a young milk fed animal)
A steer is a young castrated male.
A heifer is a young female.
A cow is a mature female that has reproduced (had calves)
A bull is a mature male that can reproduce sexually.
a halibut (kind of particular fish)
a salmon (silent "l")
Food substances are not usually countable unless they have quantifiers. They are either too small to count, or they are liquids.
beef, veal (young or milk fed)
turkey, chicken, duck
To make a salad , wash ___ lettuce thoroughly and pat the leaves dry. Remove three ____ celery, wash, and slice it into small pieces. Boil five ____ asparagus for 1 minute and let cool. Arrange the ____ lettuce on a plate and create a "bed". Slice the tomatoes very thin. Place the ____ tomato on the lettuce in a fan shape. Lay the ___ asparagus on top of the ___ tomato and lettuce Take a ___ feta cheese and crumble it into pieces on top of the tomatoes.
Place a few ____ basil on top of the feta. Put ___ olives around the edges. Mix one ___ vinegar with ___ olive oil. Add a ___ dried oregano and a ___ salt and pepper. Drizzle a ___ the dressing (vinaigrette) over the salad and serve. Serve with a ___ sparkling water. Add a few ___ ice to keep the water chilled. Then, add a couple of ___ lemon for flavor. Your delicious, healthy salad is ready to enjoy!
arrange (V) — place or lay down something in a pattern or design
chilled (Adj) — iced
crumble (V) — press down on something until it breaks into bits
dressing (N) — vinaigrette (a mixture of vinegar, oil, mustard, etc.)
drizzle (V) — pour slowly in drops
sparkling water — carbonated water; water with natural gas bubbles