Too / Either

Add a positive or negative comment

children awaiting new school
 

 

Too/ Either

AND…TOO

After mentioning a positive idea or fact, add another positive comment with and… too.    (conjunctive expression)

POSITIVE

I am eight today, and my cousin is too.    

I am waiting for our new school to open, and my cousin is too.      (present)

I have a new reader (book), and my classmates do too / have too  (Br-Eng)

I wished for a new school, and my parents did too.  (past) 

I will work very hard, and my classmates will too.  (modal verb)
 

AND…NOT EITHER

After mentioning a negative idea or fact, add another negative comment with and… not either.  (conjunctive expression)

NEGATIVE

I am not a child, and my cousin isn't either.    

I am not worrying, and my cousins aren't either.    

I don't have a desk, and my classmates don't either/ haven't either (Br-Eng)

I didn't want to be uneducated, and my friends didn't either.  

I won't be late, and my classmates won't either

 

Too / Either (adv.) — See Adv for Focus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Too / Either

Polarity

 

 

 

Positive and Negative Responses in Agreement

A POSITIVE STATEMENT

A sentence with a positive verb is "positive" even if the meaning is negative. We use too when adding a comment of agreement to the following:

POSITIVE VERB – POSITIVE MEANING

I like this book, and he does too.

I look forward to beginning school, and my friends do too.

POSITIVE VERB – NEGAITIVE MEANING

I dislike this book, and they do too.

I avoid / detest watching that movie, and they do too.

POSITIVE ADVERB – POSITIVE MEANING

They truly believe what he is saying, and I do too.  (always, usually, mostly, never / totally, utterly, completely / confidently, assuredly, reasonably, logically)

POSITIVE PRONOUN – POSITIVE MEANING

Everyone believes me, he does too.

A NEGATIVE STATEMENT

A sentence with a negative verb is "negative" even if the meaning is positive. We use either when adding a comment of agreement to the following:

NEGATIVE VERB – POSITIVE MEANING

I can't help reading this book, and he can't either.   like, can't stop      

I can't wait to begin school, and she can't either.   eagerly anticipate, look forward to 

NEGATIVE VERB – NEGATIVE MEANING

I can't stand reading this book, and she can't either.  dislike      

I can't bear watching that movie again, and I can't either.   cannot tolerate

NEGATIVE ADVERB – NEGATIVE MEANING

They hardly believe what he is saying, and I don't either(seldom, rarely, never / barely, scarcely)

NEGATIVE PRONOUN – NEGATIVE MEANING

No one believes me, and he doesn't either.   (nobody, not any one, none of them, not one person, hardly anyone) 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Too / Either

Short responses

 

 

 

Short Responses of Agreement

TOO

We can use too to add a comment of agreement after someone makes a positive statement.

POSITIVE  

I am excited.  (be verb)

Me too (informal)
I am too!
He is too!
They are too!

I have a backpack.   (have verb)

backpack (N) – book bag

Me too (informal)
I do too!     (Br. Eng. have too)
He does too!   (Br. Eng. has too)
They do too!    (Br. Eng. have too)

I would like a desk.   (modal verb)

Me too (informal)
I would too!
He would too!
They would too!

I hoped for a new school.   (past verb)

Me too
I did too.
He did too.
They did too.

NOT EITHER

We can use either to add a comment of agreement after someone makes a negative statement.

NEGATIVE  

I am not worried.

Me either (informal)
I am not either!
He isn't either!
They aren't either!

I do not have a backpack.

Me either (informal)
I don't either!     (Br. Eng. haven't either)
He doesn't either! (Br. Eng. hasn't either)
They don't either(Br. Eng. haven't either)

I would not like to sit on the floor.

Me either (informal)
I wouldn't either!
He wouldn't either!
They wouldn't either!

I did not like the old one.

Me either (informal)
I didn't either.
He didn't either.
They didn't either.

 

Me too (informal speech) – is more commonly used in a present, immediate context, less commonly for an activity or action in the past.

 

 

 

 

 

 

But Not Too

Indicating restrictions

 

 

 

But… Not…Too

BUT NOT TOO

After mentioning a positive idea or fact, we can add a negative point using but  not…too.

You can take a cookie, but you can't take a cupcake too

He's drinking a lot, but at least he isn't driving too.

You can have your cake, but you can't eat it too.

EITHER X or Y 

We can offer a choice between two items with either X or Y. "Select one".

You can take either a cookie or a cupcake.  (a choice of one item)

You can either drink or drive as much as you like. (a choice of one activity)

You can either have your cake or you can eat it. (a choice of one activity
 

 

"You can't have your cake and eat it too." (expression) – You have to make choices in life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Mistakes

Errors and Solutions

 

 

 

Error and Solution

ERROR

I'm not going, and he isn't going neither.     

"I thought he was dead." 
"Me too."

I can't wait for the opening, and they can't too / also / as well.  (verb + not)

"I can hardly believe my eyes! "   (negative adverb)
"Me too." 

"No one helped me."   (negative pronoun)
"Me too."

SOLUTION

I'm not going, and he isn't either.     (Also see neither…nor)

"I thought he was dead.." 
"I did too."   We tend to use me too in a present, immediate context. (Me too is informal.)

I can't wait for the opening, and they can't either.
Use either after a verb with not: can't help, can't wait, can't stand, can't bear.

"I can hardly believe my eyes! "
"Me either." (informal)  "I can't either. (neg. can+hardly = can+not)
Use either after a negative adverb: hardly, barely, seldom, rarely, never.

"No one helped me."
"Me either."
 Use either after a negative pronoun: no one, nobody, not one person, none of them

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

Storytelling

Narrating
 

 

Add a point of agreement.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

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Practice 2

Setting limits (rules)

Setting Rules
 

 

Determine whether to add too or either.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

11.

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13.

14.


see (V) - to visit

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allowance (N) – a weekly or monthly amount of money that is given to a child to teach him or her how to spend wisely as well as save.

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20.

make two trips (expression) – go once, return, go again