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Rise vs. Raise

Who or what is rising—the subject or the object?

 

 

Rise vs. Raise

RISE

Use rise for an action that a person or animal does by oneself.  Rise is an intransitive verb – it does not take an object. (to ascend, go up)  rise, rose, risen

A PERSON OR THING MOVES UP

riseThe man is rising from his chair.

sun riseThe sun rises in the morning.

bread doughThe bread dough rose quickly. (past)  ("expanded")

rise in the morningHe rises at six o'clock every morning. ("gets up")

RAISE

Use raise for an action that a person does to someone or something else.  Raise is a transitive verb – it requires an object.  (lift, increase, elevate) raise, raised, raised

A PERSON MOVES SOMETHING UP

raise flagThe Boy Scout is raising the flag.

subjectPlease raise your hand if you want to speak.

farmer raise foodThis farmer raises vegetables.  ("grows")

raise salaryMy employer raised my salary. ("increased")

I asked for a raise. (Eng-US)

I asked for a wage rise. (Eng-Br)

 

Related page: Intransitive verbs   

A similar verb is: arise, arose, arisen

 

 

 

 

 

Rise

Additional Meanings

 

 

Rise

MEANINGS EXPRESSIONS

GET OUT OF BED

He rises at 6:00 a.m. every morning

REACH UPWARD

The towers of the bridge rise up 1,000 ft.

COME INTO ACTION

A  storm is rising in the northern sky.

OCCUR

A  quarrel arose among the two lovers.

INCREASE ALTITUDE

The plane rose as it approached the mountains.

INCREASE RANK

The rise of the middle class was easy to predict.

PROVOKE

They tried to get a rise out of him by insulting him.

PRODUCE

The Industrial Revolution gave rise to urbanization. ("give rise")

SALARY INCREASE

The government promised a wage rise to women who were not receiving equal and fair wages.   (Eng-British)

The employee asked for a rise in salary.  (Eng-British)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Raise

Additional Meanings

raise vegetables
Michelle raises vegetables.
 

 

Raise

MEANINGS EXPRESSIONS

FOSTER

My grandparents raised me.

GROW

Mrs. Green raises roses.

COLLECT

The engineer raised over four million dollars for his battery-operated engine.

INCREASE

The landlord raised my rent.   The employee asked his boss for a raise. (a wage increase)  Eng-US

OPEN

Raise the window shades and let some light in.

ANIMATE, IMPROVED

The good news raised his spirits.

ASSEMBLE

The king had to raise an army before he could go to war.

CAUSE TROUBLE

He was raising Cain in the back of the bus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Mistakes

Errors and Solutions

 

 

Error and Solution

ERROR

He rised the hood of his car and worked on the engine.   (lifted, put up)

He rised at 4 a.m. in the morning to catch his flight home.  (woke up)

We raised up when the president came to greet us.  (stood up

SOLUTION

He raised the hood of his car and worked on the engine.   

He rose at 4 a.m. in the morning to catch his flight home. 

We rose when the president came to greet us.  (stood up) 

 

hood (N)—metal covering of the engine of a car, Eng-US;  bonnet — Eng-BR

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

Rising to the Occasion

baker 
Charles is a baker.
 

 

 

Rise or Raise?

Charles is a baker who has his own business located in South San Francisco.  He does his baking in the early hours of the morning. He [rises, raises] at 3:00 a.m. six days a week and goes to work.

First, he makes the bread dough and sets it aside to give it time to [rise, raise].  Then, he begins his long day. His parents [rose, raised] him and taught him to work hard.

He bakes dozens of loaves of breads, cakes and rolls. The ovens [rise, raise] the room temperature, but he is used to working in a very warm kitchen.

Charles has [rising, raising] costs and demands. He has three helpers. With the increase in sales of his breads, he has had to [rise, raise] the number of employees who work for him. With the [rise, raise] in the cost of living, he has also had to offer his employees [a rise, a raise] in salary so that they can make ends meet. Also, He has to pay his suppliers who buy directly from farmers who [rise, raise] and mill wheat for his bread flour.

Because his business is increasing so fast, It is easy for him [rise, raise] money from investors. His name has been [rising, raising], in the world of successful baker-businessmen.

demand (N)  – asking for something

investors (N) – businessmen or institutions who are willing to loan money in return for some of the profit (gains)

make ends meet (expression) – pay their bills

mill (V) – grind wheat into flour

rise to the occasion (expression) – find courage or bravery to do what is needed for a particular challenge

salary (N) – money given to an employee for his or her work

 

 

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