Present Tense Summary

 

 

Present Tense Diagnostic: identify points that need review

General Truths

Present–GenTruth: state facts and observations

earth

The earth turns 360 degrees every day.

The earth is turning right now. 

Subj Predicate Agr: mark verbs for third person singular agreement

Wakes up early 

*Simon get up at 6 a.m. everyday.

GenTruth Practice: talk about weather

External link to NASA El Nino site

El Nino is an unusual warming of ocean water.

This weather pattern comes about the time of the celebration of the birth of the Christ Child, "El Nino" – December.

 

Temporary

Present–At Moment:  talk about temporary or ongoing activitiesline-height:2

Isabela

My name is Isabela. (100% permanent)

I am a mother.  (99% permanent)

I am married. (50% permanent)

I work at Children's Hospital in Oakland. (?)

I am working to get my nursing certification. (temporary)

I am having difficulty.  (temporary)

Permanent

Present–Habitual: relate current activities—temporary vs. permanent

Greek church

I usually work 9 to 5. He often plays golf on Saturday. We always eat dinner together. Frequently, we have lunch out. We never eat breakfast together.

 

Present Progressive: talk about temporary habits or activities at the moment of speaking

jogging

Helen is jogging around the park right now.

Helen is jogging around the park this morning.

Scheduled Activities (Present & Future)

Present–Scheduled: refer to planned activities in the future

calendar

On Thursday, I assist the librarian at the Public Library. (routine)

I am working at the preschool on Wednesday. (near future, personal plan)

I will get there around noon. (scheduled/ estimated)

Static Verbs

"Be": copula verb

happy child

She is joyful.

I am her sister.

We are outside.

 

 

States of Being:  express existence and changes in states

a sleepwalker

He is tired.

He seems tired.

He appears tired.

 (No action involved.)

Sensory States: express sensation and perception

skunk with a clothes pin on his nose

The skunk smells bad. He stinks!

Sandpaper feels rough.

The soup tastes salty.

*The skunk is smelling bad.  

Cognitive States: express thinking, cognition and attitude

Thinking

I think you are correct.

I believe you know what you are talking about.

I like living here.

~How are you liking living here?

~I am thinking that…

Possession States: indicate possession or ownership

a babe sitting on a sports car

I have a car.

We own our home.

 (No action involved.)

Emotion States: express reacting to experiences

surprised

Baby faces amuse people.

Politicians please voters.

Measurement States:  indicate weight, distance, height and count

Golden Gate Bridge

The Golden Gate bridge measures 8,981 ft. / 2,737 m. long.

The bridge weighs 887,000 tons / 804,700,00 kg.

 

Narration

Present–Narration: tell anecdotes, stories and events

a man being cornered by an eight ball

This man goes into a bar and he has a few drinks. Then he asks the bartender to play a game of billiards.

Time-Relative

Time-Relative Events: relate the timing of two connected events

tea

After I make tea, we will watch a movie on TV .

I will make tea. Afterward, we'll watch a movie on TV

I will make some tea before we watch a movie on TV.

Verbs That Take Objects

Transitive Verbs–DO: Indicate the receiver of the action (direct object)

Jason studies

Jason rises.
Jason raises the blinds.

Jason studies.
Jason studies English.

The glass broke.
Jason broke the glass.

The baby weighs 10 lbs.
The doctor weighed the baby.

Ditransitive Verbs: Indicate the person or thing affected by the action (direct & indirect objects)

A letter

My friend is bringing me a letter.

My friend is bringing a letter to me.

*My friend is bringing me it.

*Thank you the present.

Final -S Practice: edit nouns and verbs for final -S / -ES

ropes

*Tom work at a grocery store.

*Every day, he arrive early to do his chore.

Final -S Audio: listen for final "s"

ropesrobes  
 

rope [s]

robes  [z]

 

Present Context: identify present tense verbs

driver distraction

A year ago, people weren't much thinking about cell phones but now the voices are getting louder about it.

 

After/ Before/ When: indicate time-relative activities

Dog coming in door

When I call the dog, she comes.

After I call the dog, she comes.

Before I call the dog, I open the door.

After I take the dog out, we'll sit down for a while.

 

When / While: indicate same-time (synchronous) activities

Talking on phone and looking at newborn

When you called, he picked up his cell phone.

While he was talking on the phone, the baby slept.

 

By the time: view relative progress or completion

thinking

By the time I leave work, the sun will be setting. (ongoing)

By the time I leave work, the sun will have set. (completed)

*incorrect usage/   ~uncommon usage or special context required