States of Emotion

Express reacting to experiences

Jill was surprised.
 

 

Emotional States vs. Activities

STATIC VERB – EXPERIENCE THE FEELING

A static verb is a state. No action is taken. These verbs express how we experience an emotion, and they usually take the nonprogressive verb form. 

Seeing Bill surprised Jill. 

The birthday surprise impresses Jill.

His thoughtfulness pleases her.

His creativity amazed us.

Bill's proposal astonished Jill.
 

DYNAMIC VERB – CAUSE OF THE FEELING

A dynamic verb is one in which we take action to do or perform an activity.  The action or activity that cause someone to experience an emotion.  

Bill is surprising  Jill with flowers.

Bill is impressing Jill with his birthday surprise.

He is pleasing her with his thoughtfulness.

Bill is amazing us with his creativity.

The magician is astonishing everyone. (ongoing)   

 

surprise (V) occur unexpectedly; (N)  – an unexpected usually pleasant action
creativity (N) – the act of having original, imaginative thought or expression
Also see: Part Mod 1 -ed / -ing

 

 

 

 

Other verbs of emotional reaction:

amaze

astonish

bewilder

bother

concern

confuse

delight

disappoint

impress

please

satisfy

startle

stupefy

surprise

overwhelm

worry

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice

Experiencing or Taking Action?

Amusement park
 

 

Decide which verb form to use in each sentence (context).

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.