Scheduled Events

Refer to planned activities in the future

calendar
 

 

DINOSAURS!   Exhibit Will Open This Week

dinosaurThe very popular Dinosaurs! exhibition is returning to the Lawrence Hall of Science this week. Dinosaurs! features fourteen, giant, robotic creatures, real dinosaur fossils, activity stations for visitors and daily, live demonstrations on dinosaur topics.            

The show will include two new prehistoric reptiles, Elasmosaurus and Mosasaurus. Some of the robotic dinosaurs are full-size. Opening-day activities will feature a presentation by Kevin Palin on the latest dinosaur discoveries and a series of art and science demonstrations. Tickets will be sold at the door. All children must be accompanied by an adult.

 

accompany (v.) — go with another person (or thing)

discoveries (n.) – new findings

demonstrations (n.) – lectures showing how to do something

exhibition (n.) – show

fossils (n.) – very old bones, or plant remains preserved in rocks

feature (v.) – offer something as a special attraction

robotic creatures (n.) – computerized, machine-like animals

topics (n.) – subjects

prehistoric (adj.) – before the time of written history; very old

reptiles  (n.) – animals such as snakes or lizards

 

 

 

Planned Events — Near future vs. Far Future

NEAR FUTURE —  ABOUT TO HAPPEN

We use present progressive for activities in our current time frame (discussions of personal arrangements and fixed plans.)  "This is what I  can see coming." (impending)

I CAN SEE THIS HAPPENING SOON

The exhibition is returning to the Hall of Science this week.   ("current events")

Dinosaurs! is featuring life-like creatures.

The exhibitors are including two new reptiles. (fixed plans)

Are you going to it? (personal arrangement,) *Will you go to it?

Yes, I'm leaving in a few minutes. 

What are you doing afterward? (fixed plans)

FAR FUTURE — SCHEDULED

We use the modal will for making predictions, sure guesses or calculations, and for discussing scheduled activities. "This what I predict will happen." (scheduled)

THIS IS SCHEDULED TO HAPPEN

The exhibition will return to the Hall of Science next week. 

Dinosaurs! will feature life-like creatures.

The exhibit will include new reptiles. 

We will go to it.  (think, guess) 

Yes, I will go *in a few minutes

What will you do after that? (unknown plans)
 

 

the foreseeable future

Related page: Be going / Will

 

 

 

Planned Events — Routine vs. Near future

ROUTINE — REGULARLY HAPPENS

We use present tense for regularly occurring (weekly, monthly, yearly) activities.  "This is what routinely happens, and it will happen again in the future."   (expected)                 

THIS HAPPENS


The exhibition returns to the Hall of Science this week.

Dinosaurs!  features life-like creatures. 

The exhibit includes two new reptiles. (fact, standard set-up)

Do you go to it?

*Yes, I leave in a few minutes. (not a habitual activity)

*What do you do after that? (an open question)
 

NEAR FUTURE — ABOUT TO HAPPEN

We use present progressive for activities in our current time frame (discussions of personal arrangements and fixed plans.)  "This is what I  can see coming." (impending)

I CAN SEE THIS HAPPENING SOON


The exhibition is returning to the Hall of Science this week.   ("current events")

Dinosaurs! is featuring life-like creatures.

The exhibitors are including two new reptiles. (fixed plans)

Are you going to it? (personal arrangement,) *Will you go to it?

Yes, I'm leaving in a few minutes. 

What are you doing afterward? (fixed plans)

 
 

*Yellow highlighting indicates example of incorrect usage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Present Tense vs. Will

Observation vs. Prediction

 

 

 

OBSERVATION

We use present progressive for activities and events that we can see coming.  The completion time is in the future, but the personal time-frame is a present one.

This trip is costing you a lot of money.  (I can see the charges.)

She is having a baby. (I can see she is pregnant.)

She is going to have a baby. (I can see this will happen soon.)

Hold on.  We're sinking(I can see the boat going down.)
 

PREDICTION

We use will for activities and events about which we have enough information to make a guess.  We aren't actually observing it, but can predict it happening.

This trip will cost you a lot of money. ( prediction)

The baby will have blue eyes. (prediction)

She will have her baby in a month or two. (prediction)

Pay attention. You will sink the boat.  (prediction)
 

 

observation (n.) – what you can see

prediction (n.) — what you expect or believe will happen with the knowledge you have it

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adverbs

Scheduled Events

 

 

 

Adverbs for Near vs. Far Events

NEAR FUTURE

For scheduled events, we use adverbs that are in our current time frame, but not yet arrived – soon. These adverbs commonly occur with present progressive but may also occur with will.  

AT, IN, ON THIS¹ IN (time)

at midnight (time ahead)

tomorrow (sometime, tomorrow)

in a second (while, minute)

at noon (time ahead)

tonight

in an hour

(on) May 1. (time ahead)

this morning (afternoon, evening)

in just a while

in the summer (time ahead)

this week (month, season, year)

in the coming week

in 2020(time ahead)

this decade (century, era)

in time (indefinite)

on May 1, at 2:00 a.m.

 

soon (indefinite)

ROUTINE & FAR FUTURE

We use adverbs with future times, such as those found in a calendar, a timetable, or a schedule. These adverbs occur with simple present tense (routine), future will (scheduled events), and before, after (time-relative events).

NEXT THE COMING AFTER / WHEN

next week  (sometime next week)

in the coming year

after next week

next  Tuesday

the coming month

after I get back

next month / spring

the coming week

as soon as I return

next semester / term

 

when I return

next year

 

if I return

 

 

 

 

¹sometime within this range of time, within this period

After / When / As soon as — Time-Relative Events   We will get together when I return.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

A Trip

traveling suitcase
 

 

Present, present progressive or future?

  1. Select the response from the menu that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

The Economy

job hunting
 

 

Present, present progressive or future?

  1. Select the response from the menu that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

2.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 3

Car Servicing

car being serviced

 

Present, present progressive or future?

  1. Select the response from the menu that best completes the sentence.
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

3.