Present Perfect Sentence Practice

Relate past events to current situations

thinking

 

 

 

Relating a Past Event to a Present Situation

PAST

The past indicates that an activity or event is in the past is complete – the event no longer affects the speaker's current thoughts

I spilled my drink on the carpet. I cleaned it up afterwards.  (Done. Finished. I am not thinking about it anymore.)

He spent all his money. That was unfortunate. (Done. Finished. I am not thinking about it anymore.)

I always wanted to go to Spain. It doesn't interest me much anymore. (Done. Finished. I'm not thinking about it anymore.) *Also "I had always wanted to go to Spain."  (past perfect tense)

You forgot your keys. Yes, I did. (Done. Finished. I am not thinking about it anymore.)

Did you find a new apartment? (Done. Finished. I am not thinking about it anymore.)

The President made a statement about his campaign finances yesterday. (Done. Finished. I am not thinking about it anymore.)

Bill Gates once said that all the RAM anyone ever needed was 64MB. (Done. Finished. I am not thinking about it anymore.)

PRESENT PERFECT

The present perfect indicates that an activity  or event is still in mind – the event still affects the speaker's current thoughts; the past event is still relevant to current events.

I have spilled my drink on the carpet so I need to clean it up (I mention it because the spill remains. It is on my mind now.)

He has spent all his money at Las Vegas, so don't give him anymore! (Because he is broke, I know he'll be asking for money. His situation is on my mind now.)

I have always wanted to go to Spain, so I am planning a trip for next spring. (My upcoming trip keeps the desire in my mind.)

I think you have forgotten your keys. Here they are. I have just found them. (Your keys are in my mind as I return them to you.)

Have you found a new apartment? I know about one that is available. (Your apartment search is on my mind while I try to help you find one.)

The President has made a statement about his campaign finances. This is causing the press to ask a lot of unwelcome questions. (His statement continues to affect the news.)

Bill Gates has said that all the RAM anyone ever needs is 64MB.  However, now he denies saying that. (His statement in the past is being denied in the present.)

 

Also see Adverbs for Time  (summary of tenses)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice

When the past affects the present

Grandmother with baby
 

 

Which tense logically follows the given present perfect sentence?

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the → answer. Click the "Check 1-10" button at the bottom, or click the check button to the left  as you go.

 

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