Grammar-QuizzesVerb PhrasesVerb GroupsPresent Perfect > Already vs. Yet

Already vs. Yet

Express opinion on whether an activity is timely

Waiting for the bus
 

 

Present Perfect — occurring earlier or later than expected

ALREADY

Already expresses the opinion of the speaker about the timeliness of the activity. Already expresses that the activity may have occurred earlier than expected.  An early occurrence may be good (optimistic) or bad (pessimistic) depending on the situation.

STATEMENT

The bus has already left here.

(The bus arrived and left earlier than expected—bad for me.)

I have already done my work.

(I finished my work sooner than expected—good for me.)

QUESTION

You run to the bus stop and don't see the bus.

Has the bus left? (neutral)

Has the bus have left already? (earlier than now–no opportunity to take it)

You ask your friend to pick you up at the bus stop by 9:00 AM. There is a lot of traffic, so you call at 8:50 AM to check where he is.

Have you arrived there already? (earlier than expected–good, no worries)

 

YET

Yet expresses the opinion of the speaker about the timeliness of the activity. Yet expresses that the activity may occur later than expected.  A late occurrence may be bad (pessimistic) or good (optimistic) depending on the situation.                                

NEGATIVE STATEDMENT

The bus hasn't come yet. (It's late and I am still waiting.)

The bus has come yet. (requires a negative verb)

I haven't done my work yet. (I expected to be done by now. It's late.)

I have done my work yet. (requires a negative verb)

QUESTION

You run to the bus stop and don't see the bus.

Has the bus left? (neutral)

Has the bus have left yet? (later than now–opportunity to take it)

You ask your friend to pick you up at the bus stop by 9:00 AM. You arrive and don't see his car anywhere, so you call to locate him.

Have you arrived here yet? (later than expected– unsure, worried)

 

 

timely (Adj) — occurring at a suitable time; well-timed; done or happening at exactly the right time

optimism — expecting that good will come; taking a favorable view of events or conditions and to expecting the most favorable outcome.

pessimism — expecting that bad (misfortune) will come; the tendency to expect only bad outcomes; gloomy; joyless; unhopeful

 

 

 

 

 

Already / Yet

Sentence Position

 

 

 

STATEMENT NEGATIVE QUESTION

A positive statement with already places emphasis on early completion of an activity or event. It may also express pride.

A negative statement with yet places emphasis on late completion of an activity or event. It may also express regret.

A question with already expresses optimism that work might be completed early. A question with yet expresses pessimism that work might be completed late.

We have already finished the work.

We have finished the work already.

We haven't finished the work already. (incorrect)

Have you finished the work already? (I think you have.)

We have finished the work yet(incorrect)

We haven't yet finished the work.

We haven't finished the work yet.

Have you finished the work yet? (I don't think you have.)

optimism (n) – a tendency to believe that good things will always happen
pessimism (n) – a tendency to believe that bad things will always happen    

 

 

 

 
MEDIAL FINAL

We have already finished the work. 

We have finished the work already.

We haven't yet finished the work. less commonly used

We haven't finished the work yet.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

Expecting a Baby

a pregnant woman
 

 

Complete the sentence.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "Check 1-10" button at the bottom, or click the check button to the left  as you go.

 

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