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Present Progressive

Temporary habit or at the moment of speaking

jogging

 

Present vs. Present Progressive

PERMANENT HABIT TEMPORARY HABIT MOMENT OF COMMUNICATION

Present nonprogressive is used for activities that are long-lasting habits.

Present progressive is used for activities that are temporary or a change from the usual activities.

Present progressive is used for activities that are occur at the moment of speaking. 

FREQUENCY ADV "THIS"  ADV "NOW" ADV

Helen exercises everyday.

Helen is taking a class at Skyline College  this year.
(not necessarily at the moment of communication)

Helen is jogging around the park right now.

Helen cooks her own meals often.

Helen is studying Media Arts this semester.
(not necessarily at the moment of communication) 

Helen is listening to her iPod now.

Helen is working often.

Helen works this semester.

Look, Helen jogs there now.
 

 Also see At the Moment

*Yellow highlighted words are examples of incorrect usage.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Present Adverbs

Permanent – Temporary

 

 

 

Present Tense Adverbs

PRESENT PROGRESSIVE – TEMPORARY

Adverbs for the present progressive indicate a more temporary state, at the moment of speaking. The focus is on the present time period, with a larger range of time, for example this month, and not on time that has passed.

NOW THIS ...

at the moment

today / tonight (word origin – this day, this night) 

now (for now, just now)

this morning

currently

this week

presently

this month

for a little while (for the time being)

this semester

as we speak

this year

PRESENT – (MORE) PERMANENT

Adverbs for the present tense indicate a more permanent state and tell how often an activity occurs or is repeated. ¹Statements of fact or general truth rarely occur with adverbs.  

EVERY ... FREQUENCY

every day  (night, week, month, year, etc.)

always (routinely, customarily, as a rule)

each day  (night, week, month, year, etc.)

usually (most of the time, in general, normally)

every other day  (night, week, year, etc.)

often (frequently, half of the time)

most weekends (nights, weeks, months, etc.) 

sometimes (occasionally, on occasion)

GENERAL TRUTH

general truth¹ (no adverb)

rarely (seldom, hardly ever, never, not ever)

 

never (not ever)

*Also ee  Adverbs of Frequency    Adverbs of Time

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grammar Notes

Traditional and Linguistic Description

 

 

 

Traditional and Linguistic Description

TRADITIONAL DESCRIPTION LINGUISTIC DESCRIPTION

In traditional grammar, auxiliary verbs (linking verbs) are treated as auxiliary combinations with other verbs (verb groups). Verbs are grouped. Aux Verb Diagrams 

 In current linguistic analysis, auxiliaries are main verbs followed by gerund-participle or past participle verb forms in subordinated nonfinite clauses. In this example, the auxilary is followed by a gerund participle.  (Huddleston 104,1218) Also see Secondary Verbs (nonfinite).  Click the tree to see a more detailed tree.

Helen is jogging around the track.

Diagram: Helen is jogging around the track.     

More detailed tree.

CATEGORIES:  NP –noun phrase; N – noun; VP – verb phrase; V – verb; Detdeterminer; PP – prepositional phrase; P – preposition; AdvP – adverb phrase; Adv – adverb; AdjP– adjective phrase; Adj – adjective
FUNCTIONS: Subject:  Subject,   Predicate: Predicator (V) Complements: (elements required by verb) Object, Indirect Object, Predicative Complement  Adjuncts: (optional modifiers) Adj, Adv

 Also see Reed-Kellogg diagram.

Resources

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

Changes in Habits

couch potato
 

Present or present progressive?

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button to the right.

 

Paragraph 1

1.
 
 

compete (v.) - take part in a sports competion  An athlete competes to win.

 

 

Paragraph 2

2.
 
 

skip (v.) - to not do a usual habit or activity.

 

 

 

Paragraph 3

3.
 
 

 

 

Paragraph 4

4.
 
 

Related page: Stative Verbs – verbs that do not take the progressive tense  

 

 

Paragraph 5

5.
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

Laid Off!

Laid off
 

 

Paragraph 6

6.
 
 
 

 

 

Paragraph 7

7.
 
 
 
 

Related page Time-Relative Events "until"