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22 Apr 2012 — Including

How would you punctuate "including" in this sentence?

 

Our group uses several strategies to improve collaboration including problem-solving, improvisation, role-playing.
Our group uses several strategies to improve collaboration including problem-solving, improvisation, role-playing.

 

 

 

 

Click all three options to read about the details of this grammar point.

  

1.

Our group uses several strategies to improve collaboration including problem-solving, improvisation, role-playing.

 

 

 

 

2.

.

Our group uses several strategies to improve collaboration, including problem-solving, improvisation, and role-playing.

 

 

 

 

3.

Our group uses several strategies to improve collaboration including: problem-solving, improvisation, role-playing.

 

 

 

 

4.

Remove including and place a colon after collaboration.

Our group uses several strategies to improve collaboration: problem-solving, improvisation, role playing.

 

 

 

 

 

#1, #2 The verb form "including" is an example of a reduced verb form in a modifying clause.  "which includes…’   is reduced to ‘including…’. See Clause Reduction 2 for details.

See Identifying v. Nonidentifying Clause for comma use.

strategy (n.) – a plan, method, or series of actions to reach a specific goal
collaboration (n.) – when you work with together with others; cooperate
problem–solving (n.) – when you find ways of doing things, or answers to problems
improvisation (n.) – when you invent music, words, a statement from your imagination, rather than planning or preparing first
role-playing (n.) – an exercise in which you pretend to be in a particular situation

 

 

 Solution - lightbulb Listing examples (horizontal list), Bulleted Lists (vertical list)


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