Passive Summary

Diagnostic

flood

Quiz 1: beginning – intermediate

Quiz 2: intermediate – advanced 

Passive — Focus on the Object

 

baby

My sister had (bore) a baby.

A baby was born.

The doctor helped the baby.

The baby was helped by the doctor.

*What was happened?

 

 

DNA gene coding

The human genome is being mapped by scientists. (too many to mention)

Better cancer treatment is expected by everyone.

This knowledge can be used by anyone.

 

detective with magnifying glass

An emergency call was received by the police late last night. 

An emergency call was received [by someone] late last night.

 

Teacher

Our math teacher assigned us a project.

A project was assigned to us by our math teacher.

We were assigned a project by our math teacher.

 

We were announced the project.

The project was explained me.
The project was explained to me.

 

Building destroyed in earthquake

The earthquake happened on April 3, 2009 in Italy.
*The earthquake was happened on April 3, 2009 in Italy.

The baby weighed 7 lbs.
*The baby was weighed 7 lbs.

Jack remembered leaving the door unlocked.

Jack remembered having left the door unlocked.

He was told to lock the door.

Jack was thought to have locked the door.

Passive - "Get"

 

bird on head

Man, I got hit!     "A pigeon got me!" (poop) 

I got upset(participle modifier / adj. –not a true passive) 

I got fouled "Poor me!"

I got myself cleaned up.   "I did it myself"

I got my hair washed.   "I made it happen."

Participle Modifiers   See Adj & Modifiers

 

Reduced Modifying Clauses

 

talk show 

 The seat [that was] next to me was empty.


The woman [who is] seated behind me is eating popcorn. 


A talk show [which is] trying to improve its rating may plan a fight. 

 

Congress 

 The subcommittee [which meets] next week will discuss a new bill.


 The subcommittee meeting next week will discuss a new bill.

 

Golden Gate Bridge

The Golden Gate Bridge, [which was] designed by Charles Ellis, ...


The Golden Gate Bridge, designed by Charles Ellis, ...

 

alcatraz

The federal agency, which was locating the prison on Alcatraz,
preferred the isolated location of the island.


The federal agency, which was located in San Francisco,
preferred the isolated location of the island.

 

Audio Practice

 

Doctor spanking baby

We've been quiet.   (present perfect - active)
We're being quiet.   (present progressive - active)

We've been seen by Dr. Allen.   (present perfect - passive)
We 're being seen by Dr. Allen (present progressive - passive)

In Context

 

microscopic gene image

"Mapping the human genome has been compared with putting a man on the moon, ..."

The medical benefits of genome science, scientists agree, must be used to benefit all people, not only a privileged few.

 

 pleased
 

The children were interested in hearing his story.
The press was excited about the President's speech.

The President is pleased with the response.
The President is pleased with how the people responded.

He is interested in and excited about his new project.

 

 Paparazzi camera flash

Celebrities are concerned ____(at, with, by, about) the activities of the Paparazzi.