Grammar-QuizzesNoun Phrases › Nouns

Nouns

Recognize function and form

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► What is a noun? ▼ Explanation of term

A noun:

  • expresses or names a person, animal, place, thing, substance, event, quality, action, concept and more. A noun has lexical meaning (one or more meanings that can be found in a dictionary.)
  • functions as the "head" element, primary element of a noun phrase.
  • takes form with a number of suffixes such as -al, -ence, -tion, -ment, -ing, -ery, -ness, -ity, -ism, -ty

A noun phrase:

  • expresses or names a person, animal, place, thing, substance, event, quality, action, or concept. A noun phrase includes determiners and modifiers that specifically add information about the noun
  • functions as the subject or object of a clause or as the object of a prepositional phrase.
  • takes form as a noun (the head or primary element) and may include dependents—a determiner (the, a, this, his, some) and modifiers such as adjectives or prepositional phrases or clauses.

 

Nouns

Summary of Practices

 

 

Diagnostic

Noun Diagnostic: identify specific points that need review

moving day

Quiz 1: beginning – intermediate

Quiz 2: intermediate – advanced

 

A Noun: recognize how it is used in a clause

Beginning – Advanced ESL, native speakers

A private jet

jet  (N)

A private jet (NP)

 

 

Noun Suffixes: noun forms

Beginning – Advanced ESL, native speakers

A jet landing

Our plane arrived at noon. (verb form)

The arrival of our plane was at noon. (noun form)

 

We departed on time. (verb form)

Our departure was on time. (noun form)

 

Our landing was on time. (noun form)

Landing was difficult.(gerund)

 

Regular Plural Nouns: mark nouns with plural form -s

Beginning ESL

apples

Two apples were swinging on a high branch.

Two tomatoes were on the plant.

Two leaves were on the ground.

Two roofs blew away.

 

Irregular Plural Nouns: mark nouns with plural forms

Beginning ESL

cactus 

Two cacti were along side of the highway.

Two deer stood by the road.

Two indices were incomplete.

Two formulas were used.

The dat were received.

All the fishes in the sea…

Plural Linked Words: mark plurals of hyphenated words, letters and numbers

Int – Advanced ESL & Native Speakers

people on sidewalk 

We watched the passers-by.

He earned As and Bs.

We watch the 747s take off.

Send me cc's and bcc's of your messages.

Accommodation has two c's and two m's.

Eating cakes and cookies are no-no's.

Unusual Noun Forms: recognize unusual noun-verb agreement

Beginning ESL

sheep

A sheep is walking on the road.
Two sheep are walking on the road.

The news is good today!
Mathematics is an important course.
The measles is a serious disease.

The police are at the door.
The cattle are coming in from the pasture.

Twenty minutes is a short time.
These twenty minutes are passing slowly

The–Group: refer to a group as  (the + adjective)

Beginning–Intermediate ESL

the blind

The blind need accessible walkways.

The English  were proud of their team.

Do you want a large or a small coffee.  I'll have the large.

The latter will be much better.  In fact,  it's the best.

Count/Noncount: recognize the collective word for individual items

Beginning ESL

hair

My hair is clean.

Some blond hairs are on your jacket.

Group Nouns: refer to items collectively

Beginning ESL

equipment

She had a computer, printer, fax and scanner.

She had a lot of equipment.

Count-Noncount Practice: practice agreement in sentences and paragraphs

Beginning ESL

laptop

I use my laptop all day.  I look up general information and  (detail / details) ____. 

I have learned a lot of (vocabulary/ vocabularies) ____.

Genitive Nouns: indicate a relationship between two nouns

Beginning — Intermediate ESL

The class' soccer team

Our school's soccer team won several games.

The schools' soccer teams won several games.

The class's soccer team. v. The class' soccer team. (style manual variation)

Today's news / tomorrow's weather / Sunday's newspaper.

 

Subj Predicate Agr: mark verbs for third person singular agreement

Beginning–Intermediate ESL

Wakes up early 

Simon get up at 6 a.m. everyday.

Final -S Practice: edit nouns and verbs for final -S / -ES

Beginning ESL

ropes

Tom work at a grocery store.

Every day, he arrive early to do his chore.

 

Final –S Audio: listen for final "s" as /s/ or /z/

Beginning ESL

ropes and robes  

rope [s]

robes  [z]

Agreement—Nouns with Modifiers: recognize the true subject in agreement with the verb

Intermediate ESL, Native Speakers

monkey emerging from bananas

At least three quarters of the monkeys – in the zoo – suffer from nutritional deficiencies.

The monkey  – under the bananas – is hiding.

The monkeys  – under the bananas – are hiding.

The chimpanzee is one of the monkeys that is/are closely related to humans.

Sentence Edit: edit for articles, pronouns and singular-plural agreement

Beginning–Intermediate ESL

Editor

*When my mother was child, she lived in small town.

 

Paragraph Editing: using agreement within an essay

Intermediate ESL

scuba diver

 *My family enjoy scuba-diving, so nearly every vacation, we go on a diving trip.