Noun Phrase

Recognize form and function

jet taking off

What is a noun? 

  • A noun expresses or names things such as a person, animal, place, thing, substance, event, quality, action, or concept.
  • A noun is formed with a number of suffixes such as -al, -ence, -tion, -ment, -ing, ery, -ness, -ity, -ism, -ty.

What is a noun phrase?

 

 

Noun Phrase

What can come before or after a noun?

 

 

 

Determiners, Adejectives and Modifiers

DETERMINATIVE PRE- MODIFIER NOMINAL POST MODIFIER

Most nouns require a determiner. Singular nouns require some kind of marker. Plural count nouns do not require but can take a determinative marker.

Optionally, a descriptive word such as an adjective or adjective phrase can be placed before the noun. An adjective phrase may also include modifiers to the adjective.

A noun serves as the "head" of the noun phrase. 

 

Optionally, a longer modifier can be placed after the noun. It may be prepositional phrase (PP), a relative clause, or a reduced clause.

DETERMINER ADJECTIVE NOUN PHRASE / CLAUSE

A

See Articles – "a"

 

jet

 

The

See Articles – "the"

private

 

jet

overhead   (P)

in front of you (PP)

with silver wings  (PP)

This / That

See Demonstratives

jumbo

60-meter long

 

jet

that is landing   (clause)

landing   (reduced clause)

 

Some / Most / All

See Quantifiers

big, private

jets

 

 

Very large

jets

that are arriving from overseas  (clause + PP)

A modifier is considered to be part of the noun phrase if it is required to identify the noun.

(Swan 384)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noun Phrase

What is the content of a noun phrase? flight suit

 

 

Animate/Inanimate—names, titles, concepts, activities

ANIMATE (ALIVE)

A noun phrase may refer to something that is living and breathing by a variety of names such as a title, a group, a pronoun, or an agreed upon concept such as nationality.

PROPER NAMES

Captain Wagner flew the aircraft. 

(Proper Name:  Title + Name)

TITLES

The FAA Administrator licensed Captain Wagner. 

(Personal noun: title)

PRONOUNS

He passed his training, examination and test flight.

(Personal pronoun) 

GROUP NOUNS

The class passed their examinations.

(Group: the people)

QUANTIFIED NOUNS

A hoard of people ran toward us.

(Quantified personal noun)

 

CONCEPTS

The Dutch train their own pilots. 

(Nationality: an agreed upon concept of borders)

 

ACTIVITIES

Piloting a 787 is his dream

(being a pilot)

INANIMATE

A noun phrase may also refer to something inanimate such as a location name, an idea, an institution, an event, and a concept.

PROPER NAMES

The aircraft left San Francisco International Airport

(Location: Official Name)

TITLES

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) licensed Captain Wagner. 

(Institution: Official Name)

PRONOUNS

The Administrators approved it.  (the route)

 

COLLECTIVE NOUNS

Aviation attracts new pilots.

(Collective noun: the field)

QUANTIFIED NOUNS

Ninety per cent of the class received their licenses.

(Quantified noun)

 

CONCEPTS

Flight has been a dream for centuries.

(Concept)

ACTIVITIES / EVENTS

Free flying is his dream. The National Freeflying Competition is next week.

(wearing a flight suit)

 

license (US-Eng)  licence (Br-Eng)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noun Phrase

How does a noun phrase function?

 

 

 

 As the subject or object of a clause

SUBJECT NOUN PHRASE

A noun phrase can function as the subject of a clause.

SUBJECT PREDICATE OBJECT
NP V NP

The silver jet

 approached

the runway

OBJECT NOUN PHRASE

Or it can function as the object of the clause or of a prepositional phrase.

SUBJECT PREDICATE OBJECT
NP V NP

The silver jet 

 approached

the runway

 

 

 

As the object of a prepositional phrase

PREP PHRASE THAT MODIFIES SUBJECT

A noun or a pronoun can serve as the object of a prepositional phrase that modifies the subject noun.

SUBJECT PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
NP V NP

The jet 

 next to

us 

PREP PHRASE THAT MODIFIES PREDICATE

A noun phrase can also function as the object of a prepositional phrase that is a predicate complement.

PREDICATE PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE
V PREP OBJECT–NP

landed

 

on

at

the runway

noon

 

 

Categories "Parts of Speech": N – noun; NP – noun phrase; V – verb; VP – verb phrase; Adj – adjective; AdjP – adjective phrase; Adv – adverb; AdvP – adverb phrase; P – preposition; PP – prepositional phrase; Detdeterminative; Subord – subordinator; Coord – coordinator; Interj – interjection.

Functions: Subj – Subject; Pred – Predicate/Predicator – Pred; Comp – Complement – an element that is required by the subject or verb to complete the meaning of the sentence such as DO – direct object; IO – indirect object; PC – predicative complement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

Luxury Aircraft

jet interior
 

 

Read Context

A private jet offers luxury services to travelers who can afford it. A variety of comforts and special features are on board. The well-designed interiors have comfortable seats, work tables, and Internet access. The wide aisles leave enough space to walk around. Some private jet services include a chef. Gourmet breakfasts, lunches and dinners are prepared in the galley of the aircraft.

Tired passengers can nap in their seats or they can sleep in one of the on-board bedrooms. A relaxing shower in the spa will allow a passenger to arrive fresh and ready to greet people. Such conveniences are the result of new technology and creative thinking. In so many ways, luxury jets are like flying luxury hotels.

"First Class Cabin Features." Emirates. 2014. Web. 27 July 2014. <emirates.com>.

GLOSSARY

access – something that is easy to get to or to have

aircraft – general term for all planes, jets, helicopters, drones

afford – have enough money to pay for something

aisles – walkways

chef – a professional cook

comfort – something that is comfortable, soothes or relieves

convenience – anything that saves or simplifies work, adds to one's ease or comfort

creative – new, imaginative, inventive, innovative

 

design – arrangement of furniture, the floor plan, and the selection of materials

gallery — a kitchen aboard a ship or aircraft

greet — welcome, say hello

gourmet – being of high-quality (food and preparation)

interior – inside area

on-board – inside the airplane (a term used with ships, aircraft and buses)

variety – different kinds

 

 

 

Identify the "head noun", the subject noun.

  1. Select the word.
  2. Read the feedback box to check your answer, or click the "Check 1-5" button at the bottom.
1.
A private jet offers luxury services to travelers who can afford it.






2.
A variety of comforts and special features are on board.








3.
The well-designed interiors have comfortable seats, work tables, and Internet access. 








4.
The wide aisles leave enough space to walk around.






5.
Some private jet services include a chef.   








 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

Luxury Flight II

 

 

 

Select all the words in the subject-noun phrase. 

  1. Select the words (more than one)
  2. Read the feedback box to check your answer, or click the "Check 1-5" button at the bottom.

 

6.
Gourmet breakfasts, lunches and dinners are prepared in the galley of the aircraft.   












7.
Tired passengers can nap in their seats or they can sleep in one of the on-board bedrooms.  












8.
A relaxing shower in the spa will allow a passenger to arrive fresh and ready to greet people.












9.
Such conveniences are the result of new technology and creative thinking.












10.
In so many ways, luxury jets are like flying luxury hotels.