Nouns

Recognize how they function in clauses

jet interior
 

 

What is a noun? 

 

Noun Phrase

A NOUN PHRASE PRE-POSITION MODIFIER(S) NOUN POST POSITION MODIFIER(S)

NOUN

 

jet

 

NOUN

+ determiner

A

(an, the, this, that, another, their, each, every, whatever)

jet

 

NOUN

+ determiner

+ adjective

A private

 

jet

 

NOUN

+ determiner

+ adjective

+prepositional phrase

The private

jet

with silver wings²

overhead¹

in front

NOUN

+ determiner

+ adjective

+ modifier

The private

jet

that is landing

arriving from overseas²

¹ the noun is included in the preposition form 

² a prepositional phrase often takes noun as its complement  with silver wings, from  overseas  and may also take a clause. Prep Complements

A modifier is considered to be part of the noun phrase if it is required to identify the noun.

Also see Subject / Predicate / Complement (primary grammatical functions in a clause).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noun Phrase

Content

 

flight suit
 

 

People, Things , Ideas …

ANIMATE (ALIVE)

A noun phrase may be animate (refer to something that is living and breathing) or inanimate (refer to a thing, mass, idea, etc.)

PROPER NAME

Captain Wagner flew the aircraft. 

(Proper Name:  Title + Name)

TITLE

The Administrators licensed Captain Wagner. 

(Personal noun: title)

PRONOUN

He passed his training, examination and test flight.

(Personal pronoun) 

GROUP NOUN

The class passed their examinations.

(Group: the people)

QUANTIFIED NOUN

A hoard of people ran toward us.

(Quantified personal noun)

 

A CONCEPT

The Dutch train their own pilots. 

(Nationality: agreed upon borders)

 

ACTIVITY

Piloting a 787 is his dream

(being a pilot)

INANIMATE

A noun phrase may be a proper name, a title, a pronoun (he, she, they, we, I, it, her, him, etc.), a location name, an idea, an institution, and so much more.

PROPER NAME

The aircraft left San Francisco International Airport

(Location: Official Name)

TITLE

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) licensed Captain Wagner. 

(Institution: Official Name)

PRONOUN

The Administrators approved it.  (the route)

 

COLLECTIVE NOUN

Aviation attracts new pilots.

(Collective noun: the field)

QUANTIFIED NOUN

Ninety per cent of the class received their licenses.

(Quantified noun)

 

A CONCEPT

Flight has been a dream for centuries.

(Concept)

ACTIVITY

Free flying is his dream

(wearing a flight suit)

 

license (US-Eng)  licence (Br-Eng)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Noun Phrase

Uses

 

 

 

Subject or Object

SUBJECT NOUN PHRASE

A noun phrase can function as the subject of a clause.

SUBJECT PREDICATE OBJECT
NP V NP

The silver jet approached the runway

(Subj: NP )

The jet on the runway is heading to the terminal.

(NP + PP) runway is the object of the preposition on

Jets carry passengers.

(Subj: plural-form noun) 

We saw some jets.

(Subj: pronoun)

The jet at the front of the queue waited for permission.

 

The pilots await the air-traffic controllers. 

 

OBJECT NOUN PHRASE

Or it can function as the object of the clause or of a prepositional phrase.

SUBJECT PREDICATE OBJECT
NP V NP

The silver jet approached the runway

(Obj: NP )

The jet  landed on the runway

(V + PP) runway is the object of the preposition on

We saw jets that were arriving.

(Obj: NP +  that-clause modifier) 

We saw jets arriving.

(Obj: NP + gerund clause modifier)

The control tower gave permission to take off

(Obj: NP + infinitive clause modifier)

The pilots talk to air-traffic controllers who give permission to take off. 

(Obj: NP + who-clause modifier)

 

Functions: Subject – Subj; Predicate – Pred; Complement – an element that is required by the subject or verb to complete the meaning of the sentence (e.g., object, indirect object, predicative complement)

Categories: N – noun; NP – noun phrase; V – verb; VP – verb phrase; Det – determiner; P – preposition; PP – prepositional phrase; Adv – adverb; AdvP – adverb phrase; Adj – adjective; AdjP – adjective phrase; INFinfinitive: GERgerund

wait for (verbal expression) — await

pre-position modifier (a modifier placed before the noun); post-position modifier (a modifier placed after the noun)

(Swan 384) "What can follow a noun?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

Luxury Aircraft

jet interior
 

 

Read Context

A private jet offers luxury services to travelers who can afford it. A variety of comforts and special features are on board. The well-designed interiors have comfortable seats, work tables, and Internet access. The wide aisles leave enough space to walk around. Some private jet services include a chef. Gourmet breakfasts, lunches and dinners are prepared in the galley of the aircraft.

Tired passengers can nap in their seats or they can sleep in one of the on-board bedrooms. A relaxing shower in the spa will allow a passenger to arrive fresh and ready to greet people. Such conveniences are the result of new technology and creative thinking. In so many ways, luxury jets are like flying luxury hotels.

"First Class Cabin Features." Emirates. 2014. Web. 27 July 2014. <emirates.com>.

access – something that is easy to get to or to have

aircraft – general term for all planes, jets, helicopters, drones

afford – have enough money to pay for something

aisles – walkways

chef – a professional cook

comfort – something that is comfortable, soothes or relieves

convenience – anything that saves or simplifies work, adds to one's ease or comfort

creative – new, imaginative, inventive, innovative

design – arrangement of furniture, the floor plan, and the selection of materials

gallery — a kitchen aboard a ship or aircraft

greet — welcome, say hello

gourmet – being of high-quality (food and preparation)

interior – inside area

on-board – inside the airplane (a term used with ships, aircraft and buses)

variety – different kinds

 

 

 

Identify the "head noun", the subject noun.

  1. Select the word.
  2. Read the feedback box to check your answer, or click the "Check 1-5" button at the bottom.
1.
A private jet offers luxury services to travelers who can afford it.






2.
A variety of comforts and special features are on board.








3.
The well-designed interiors have comfortable seats, work tables, and Internet access. 








4.
The wide aisles leave enough space to walk around.






5.
Some private jet services include a chef.   








 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

Luxury Flight II

 

 

 

Select all the words in the subject-noun phrase. 

  1. Select the words (more than one)
  2. Read the feedback box to check your answer, or click the "Check 1-5" button at the bottom.

 

6.
Gourmet breakfasts, lunches and dinners are prepared in the galley of the aircraft.   












7.
Tired passengers can nap in their seats or they can sleep in one of the on-board bedrooms.  












8.
A relaxing shower in the spa will allow a passenger to arrive fresh and ready to greet people.












9.
Such conveniences are the result of new technology and creative thinking.












10.
In so many ways, luxury jets are like flying luxury hotels.