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Nominal Clause Summary (noun clauses / reported speech / indirect speech)

 

Diagnostic

Students

Quiz 1: beginning – intermediate

Quiz 2: intermediate – advanced 

Reported Speech from Questions

 

A friendly greeting

My friend said, "How are you?"

My friend asked how I was.

 

Man asking questions

My friend said, "Are you coming with us?"

My friend asked whether I was going with them.

Reported Speech from Imperatives

 

A girl resting

The doctor said, Get some rest."

The doctor said to get some rest.
The doctor said (that) I should get some rest.
The doctor told me to get some rest.

The doctor advised that she get some rest.

 

Judge

The judge ordered John to leave.  

The judge ordered that John leave.  (Verb uses base form, no -s.)

Reported Speech from Statements

 

Couple under umbrella

She said, "It's raining here."

She said that it was raining there.

 

speaker

She said to me that it is nearby.
She told me that it is nearby.
She added that it is nearby.

 

John Glenn NASA

The need for more people in math and science is clear to all.

That we need more people in math and science is clear to all.

 

Fred Armisen and Barak Obama

It is obvious to all that Fred is a funny comedian.
That Fred is a funny comedian  is obvious to all.

It amazed us what he said.
What he said amazed us.

It was a particularly funny joke.
There was a particularly funny joke.

 

comedian

The joke which he said was funny.
That which he said was funny.
What he said was funny.

It was funny what he said.  
What was funny was his joke.

 

Hire me

The reason (that he can't find a job) is the weak economy.
He can't find a job because the economy is weak.

The reason is logical.   "be - decribing"
The reason is the economy. "be - specifying"

The reason is that the economy is weak.
The reason why is that the economy is weak.
The reason is because the economy is weak.
The reason for that is that the economy is weak.

Nominal Clause Quizzes

 

cats everywhere

The old lady next door must have a lot of cats. I don't know how many ____.

 

runners

"I've been running about five years now."

The runner replied that ____.

Review

 

computer maze

Do you know ____?


(where will the meeting be / where the meeting will be)

 

A spectacular sunset

Our plane arrived at noon. (verb form)

The arrival of our plane was at noon. (noun form)

We departed on time. (verb form)

Our departure was on time. (noun form)

Our landing was on time. (noun form)

 

 

cell reception on a mountain top

I don't know if my cell phone will work here.
I don't know whether my cell phone will work here.


I don't know whether or not my cell phone will work if I use it here.
       (alternative - whether or not)             (condition)

 

gossip

Whoever you want, you can have on your team. 

Whichever one you want, you can have. 

Whatever you want, you can have. 

 

energy!

His energy amazed me

What amazed me was his energy.

His energy was what amazed me.

It amazed me that he had so much energy.