Grammar-QuizzesClausesComparative Clauses › Like/As

Like vs. As

Compare a quality vs. an activity

unequal
 

 

Like vs. As (As if / As though)

LIKE + NOUN

Like ("same form, appearance, kind, character") is a preposition which takes a noun or noun phrase as its complement. The verb is often static (be, seems, looks, acts).                                                                            

NOUN / NOUN PHRASE

My friend is like me. 

He seems smart like a fox. 

He acts more like a brother than a friend.

He looks like a handsomer version of me. 

NOUN PHRASE W/ MODIFIER

He is like a younger brother who has known me all my life. 

We are like two comedians when we get together. 

GERUND  (NON-FINITE CLAUSE)

Talking with him is like talking to myself.

AS + CLAUSE

As ("in the manner") is a preposition which takes a clause, an infinitve clause, a gerund clause or another preposition phrase as its complement. The clause may be shortened to just the auxiliary verb or just the subject.

CLAUSE (REDUCED)

My friend thinks as I (do I think). 

My friend thinks as I do (I think). 

He is as smart as a fox (is).    as "equally" (Adv) — as a fox (PP)

He is as smart as a fox is

He acts more as a brother (would act). 

He acts more as a brother would (act). 

— (not used with stative verbs) —

 

It is as if he has known me all my life. "in a manner similar to" 

We behave as though we were two comedians.  "in a manner similar to" 

 

I talk with him in a way similar to the way I talk to myself.

 

In traditional grammar, as is called an adverbial in an adverbial clause or a conjunction.  In Linguistic description, as is a preposition that my be complemented (followed by) a clause, an infinitive clause, a gerund clause, or another prepositional phrase (double prepositional phrase). See Prepositional Complements.

as…as — is a paired expression that places two items in equal status.  as "equally" (adverb) — as (preposition)

as if (PP) — is a double preposition that expresses comparison (as) and manner   It is as if he were king. → It is in a manner similar to the king.

(Huddleston 1154)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Like

Additional Meanings

 

 

 

Like — other meanings

VARIANT MEANING EXAMPLES

OF THE SAME FORM

I haven't seen a like model.   We collect trains, cars, buses and like models.  (Adj)

OF THE SAME FORM

I haven't seen its like.    We collect model t trains, cars, buses and their like. (N)

CHARACTERISTIC

It would be like him to forget my birthday. (PP)

SIMILAR OR COMPARABLE

There is nothing like a tall cold drink. (PP)

EXAMPLE

You could take up a hobby, like fishing, hiking or cycling. (PP)

SIMILAR OR COMPARABLE

He was a hippie-like guy with a tie-dye T-shirt.  "hippy-ish" (Adj)

INCLINED 

Do you feel like going to a movie?  (idiom–PP) 

PROMISE / INDICATIVE

It (the sky) looks like rain today.  (idiom–PP) 

REQUEST-PREFER

I'd like you to come with us.   (idiom–"would prefer") 

SUIT YOUR PREFERENCE

You can come or you can go as you like.   (idiom–P)) 

Adj – adjective; Adv – adverb;   N – noun; P – preposition; PP – prepositional phrase

 

 

 

Like – Informal Usage

ATTENTION GETTER  (interjection)

Like, has anyone seen my mobile phone lying around?

HESITATOR (uh.. or well...)

We were more... like... borrowing his car.

INTRODUCE REPORTED SPEECH

He's like, "You're totally wrong, " and I'm like, "No, way!" 

AN EQUAL   (idiom)

We haven't seen the likes of him before.

AS IF

I felt like I could stay there forever. "in my imagination" 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As

Additional Meanings

 

 

 

As – other meanings

VARIANT MEANING EXAMPLES

EXAMPLE

Some flowers, as the rose, require a lot of care.   (PP)

CONSIDERED TO BE

We view the church and state as two separate entities.    (PP)

IN THE MANNER

He paid for the room and dinner as agreed. "as we had agreed"      (PP)

AT THE TIME

Please pay as you leave.  (PP)

WITH THE PURPOSE

The speaker spoke so convincingly as to rally everyone to unite.  (PP)

SINCE / BECAUSE

As you are up, will you please get me a glass of water. (PP)

THOUGH

Smart as he may be, he forgot to consider his own weaknesses.  (PP)

IN THE MANNER

I have had the same problem as you have. (PP)

TO THE EXTENT (idiom)

As far as I know, we still aren't done yet. (Adv—PP)

WHILE   (idiom)

As long as he is here, we'll never have peace! (Adv—PP)

IN ITS CURRENT CONDITION, non-negotiable, no-guarantee condition

I bought the car as is. "as it is" "in the condition that it is now" (PP)

ALSO (idiom)

They are resourceful, intelligent as well as compassionate.  (Adv—PP)

IN RESPECT TO (idiom)

As for traveling to the war-zone, I wouldn't advise it.  (Double PP)

BEGINNING / ENDING (idiom)

As of  April 1st, we are no longer accepting credit cards.   (Double PP)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Mistakes

Errors and Solutions

 

 

Error and Solution

ERROR

He was like "I'm so out here."
(Perhaps not an error, but certainly restricted to informal use.)  

He looks like he needs a place to rest.

He look likes a tired old dog.

SOLUTION

He said, "I'm leaving."   or He said, "I've had enough!" 

He looks as if he needs a place to rest.  (as though)

He looks like a tired old dog.  (noun)

 

Solution - lightbulb Pop-Q "Like/ As" and Pop-Q Looks like

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice

"Smart" Phones

mobile phones at school
 

 

Complete the sentence.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "Check 1-15" button at the bottom, or click the "Check" button to the left  as you go.

 

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.


Gerunds

14.

15.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

User-Experiencephone addict

 

 

Read for Errors

Comparing the telephone user experience of the iPhone and the Blackberry phone is as comparing apples to oranges.  The Blackberry opens to a keypad with true button-like keys that the user depresses.  However, the iPhone has a touch screen with virtual-like keys. The user will experience the  fat-finger effect if not careful. That is, the user may touch a neighboring key instead of the intended key.

  The Blackberry is a one-hand friendly telephone with speed-dial.  The iPhone cannot be used with one hand like earlier phones; it requires two hands to unlock the phone before dialing. Like the fat-finger effect, voice commands using Siri are also likely to cause errors.  If speaking in a noisy place, the user will hear a response like: "I'm not sure what you said, there." If the user says, "I am done," but Siri hears, "I am drunk, Siri dials a taxi, and then the user is like, "Nooooo!"

If the user loses the Blackberry, then the telephone and its address book are lost.  If the user loses the iPhone, it is like the person has lost a computer. Sensitive data like passwords, email, and other personal information are also lost.  It's like the user's personal life becomes open to whoever finds it.

Blackberry phones have their devoted users, who like the simplicity of the phone. Likely, iPhones have their devoted users, who appreciate the complexity of the phone.

Perhaps, the choice of the phone is very much as the person who buys it — simple or complex.

depress (V) – push down

devoted (Adj) – loyal and loving

virtual (Adj) – not real; simulated

 

 

 

 

 

Edit for Errors

  1. Edit the sentence(s) in the text box.
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "Check 16-25" button at the bottom, or click the "Check" button to the left  as you go.

 

16.
Comparing the "telephony" of the iPhone and the Blackberry phone is as comparing apples to oranges.  The Blackberry opens to a keypad with true button-like keys that the user depresses. 


17.
However, the iPhone has a touch screen with virtual-like keys. The user will experience the  fat-finger effect if not careful. That is, the user may touch a neighboring key instead of the intended key.


18.
The Blackberry is a one-hand friendly telephone with speed-dial.  The iPhone cannot be used with one hand like earlier phones; it requires two hands to unlock the phone before dialing.


19.
Like the fat-finger effect, voice commands using Siri are also likely to cause errors.  If speaking in a noisy place, the user will hear a response like: "I'm not sure what you said, there."


20.
If the user says, "I am done," but Siri hears, "I am drunk," Siri dials a taxi, and then the user is like, "Nooooo!"


21.
If the user loses the Blackberry, then the telephone and its address book are lost. If the user loses the iPhone, it is like the person has lost a computer.


22.
Sensitive data like passwords, email, and other personal information are also lost.


23.
It's like the user's personal life becomes open to whoever finds it.


24.
Blackberry phones have their devoted users, who like the simplicity of the phone. Likely, iPhones have their devoted users, who appreciate the complexity of the phone.


25.
Perhaps, the choice of the phone is very much as the person who buys it — simple or complex.