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Introductions

Writing four types

Story telling
 

 

 

An introduction should:

  1. Introduce the topic.
  2. Indicate how the topic is going to be developed (cause-effect, reasons, examples, classification, description, narration, or explanation).
  3. Contain a thesis statement.
  4. Be inviting and entice the reader to continue after reading the first sentence.

 

 

Funnel

Reveals background info leading to a focused thesis statement.

Birds, pigs, rats and other animals all have special talents which have been used by humans. Birds can talk, pigs can find truffles, rats can run wires through walls for plumbers, but no animal has quite as many special talents as dogs, especially when it comes to helping ranchers.

 

Dramatic

Unrolls as an eye-witness account.

Rubble from earthquake-stricken houses is lying everywhere.  Precious lives are buried deep within the piles of dirt, concrete and debris.  If rescue workers can locate these souls in time, their lives may be saved.  Dog teams arrive. They will  employ their amazing talents in this emergency situation.

Quotation

Uses a quote to lead to the thesis statement.

"Never trust a man a dog doesn't like." the proverbs says. This somehow implies that dogs can tell the character of a person before a human can.  In many ways this is true:  dogs have amazing talents when it comes to assessing a person's character.  But how do they do it? Pet behaviorists give the following explanations.

 

Turn About

Starts with the opposite idea and then moves to the focus.

Max was a cute dog, a Tibetan Terrier with a "winning smile", but he had annoying habit of "lifting his leg" on my furniture if I left him alone for more than a couple of hours.  Also, half-way through our walks, he would roll on his back indicating he had had enough.  I would have to carry him home.  Just when I decided to give him up for adoption, he used his amazing talent as a "chick magnet" to find me the love of my life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice

Man's Best Friend

dog
 

 

Analyze these examples:  Can you identify and figure out how to fix them?

 

1.
Do you remember seeing dogs in movies saving lives? Some awaken and rescue their owners from their burning homes.  Some attacked bad guys who were hurting their owners. Others lead their owners to safety.  Still others ran to get help when their owners were trapped.  Dogs have many amazing talents when it comes to rescuing people.


2.
Dogs can do all kinds of tricks and they can rescue people.  It all depends on their owners and whether they train them well.  I wonder how they can do all the things they do?


3.
Once when I was traveling and was at an airport, I saw police dogs sniffing the suitcases.  I was really scared when it started to sniff my suitcase and then it barked at me.  Dogs have many extraordinary talents in law enforcement.


4.
"Dogs wag their tails, not their tongues" my grandmother would say.  She had a beautiful Golden Retriever that we all loved. But it died.  Everyone in the family used to sit, pet and talk confidentially to that dog. We all miss that dog because we have no one safe to tell our secrets to.  Dogs have many extraordinary talents.


5.
Dogs are God's gift to man.  But "truffle dogs" are God's gift to the chef.  Finding this edible fungus that grows in the roots at the base of trees requires cooperation of man and dog.  However, without the "truffle dog's" extraordinary talent, man would be left to dig blindly.


6.
I saw a dog in Macy's and I wondered why they let a dog in a department store.  Then I saw that the dog was guiding a blind person.  Dogs have many talents in helping blind people.