Infinitive Summary

 

 

Infinitive Diagnostic: identify specific points that need review

Infinitive as Subject

 

Infinitive as Subject: refer to activities, quotes and definitions

Shakespeare

To be or not to be. That is the question.

TO LAUGH: to express mirth, pleasure or amusement   (dictionary entry)

 

Infinitives as Object (verb complement)

Verb + Infinitive: express desire or intent to do an activity

Art image - man screaming - Edvard Munch

Edward needs to get help. (infinitive clause)
Ed needs [that Ed get some help].   (subclause)

He helped [to] get the work done.

Ed doesn't want us to help.
Ed wants us not to help.

He intends to try to persuade us to help him  to change doctors.  

 

Infinitive Cls w/Subj: take action vs. express desire for someone else to do an activity

Brummer Man sitting

Ed needs to get some help.
Ed needs me to get some help.


Ed intended Frida to do the portrait.
Ed persuaded Fridato do the portrait.

Ed made Frida do the portrait.
Ed helped Frida (to) do the portrait.

 

Order + Obj + Infinitive: Impose will on (command) other people to do things

Judge

The judge ordered John to leave.  

The judge ordered that John leave.  (Verb uses base form, no -s.)

Infinitive Expressions

 

It takes – Infinitive: expresshow much is needed

hour glass

It takes ten minutes to get ready in the morning. (anyone)

It takes Jill ten minutes to get ready in the morning.

It takes ten minutes for her to get ready in the morning.

 

Too / Enough + Infin: state minimum and maximum requirements

Babe sitting on the hood of a car

She is too young to drive.

She is old enough to drive.

 

"Be" Adj + Infinitive: express feelings and reactions

Dog with flowers

We were happy to hear the good news.

 

"It is" Adj/Noun + Infin: express opinion or advice

lab technician

It's a good idea to put on your lab.

It's hard to know when a rat will get loose.

 

"In order" + Infinitive: state purpose

Doctor operating on a patient/victim

The doctor operated in order to save his patient's life.

The doctor operated so that they could save his patient's life..

Infinitives Context: identify infinitives

space

I want to explore.

I just want to do my best.

Passive Ger / Infin: express timing and voice in gerund and infinitive clauses

Jack remembered leaving the door unlocked.

Jack remembered having left the door unlocked.

He remembered being distracted.

Jack remembered having been distracted.

 

 

 

Splitting Verbs: examine the positioning of adverbs

Oath

I will faithfully execute the office of president...
I will execute faithfully the office of president...