"Be" Adjective + Infinitive

Express feelings and reactions

Dog offering flowers
 

 

(Be) Adj + that clause  vs. (Be) Adj + infinitive clause

(BE ) ADJ + THAT CLAUSE

A that-clause may be used after a particular group of adjectives expressing emotion.

We are happy that you are here.

We were pleased that we received the letter.

They were sad when they heard about his death.

They were excited when they heard about the birth of her baby.

(BE) ADJ + INFINITIVE-CLAUSE

An infinitive or infinitive clause may also be used after the verb.

We are happy to see you here.

We were pleased to receive the letter.

They were sad to hear about his death.

They were excited to hear about the birth of her baby.

 

 

 

 

Adjectives and participial adjectives followed by infinitives

amazed *

delighted

lucky

relieved

afraid

disappointed *

likely

sad *

anxious

determined

motivated

shocked *

ashamed

eager

pleased

stunned *

astonished *

fortunate

prepared

surprised *

careful

glad

proud

sorry *

certain

happy

ready

upset *

content
 

hesitant

reluctant

willing

*These verbs are usually followed by verbs: to see, to learn, to discover, to find out, to hear.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Mistakes

Errors and Solutions

 

 

 

Error and Solution

ERROR

*Ted was surprising to see his computer shutting down. (See Participial Adj)

*Ted was surprised at seeing his computer shutting down.

SOLUTION

Ted was surprised to see his computer shutting down.

Ted was surprised to see his computer shutting down.

 

*Yellow highlighted words are examples of incorrect usage.

Related page  It / There Subjects   

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

Ted's Secret Admirer

laptop with problems
 

 

Read the Context

Embarrassed Man Ted started receiving "I love you" emails, which embarrassed him. He opened a message to find out who his secret admirer was. Shortly after that, Ted was surprised that his computer was operating strangely. The computer was sending messages and he wasn't sending any of them nor could he stop them.

Ted was angry when he found virus-like activity in his computer files. He was upset as he watched the destruction of his files.

Ted called a technician and asked for help. Ted was so relieved to find out that his files were backed-up. Ted was delighted that he could spend his weekend away from his computer while it was being repaired. He would pick it up on Monday and never be interested in an email with the subject "I love you" again.

admirer (n.) –  secret admirer: a shy person who likes, or is interested in you

backed up (adj.) – saved in another place such as online or on another disk

computer virus (n.) – a computer program that can replicate itself[1] and spread from one computer to another

destruction (n.) – making useless or bad; killing; breaking down or apart

embarrassed (v.) – when someone is feeling socially or personally uncomfortable

"I love you" email – this was an email that many people received, opened and downloaded. Unfortunately, it was not love but destruction!

operate (v.) – act, operate, behave

relieved (adj.) – feeling better about something (that you felt bad about earlier)

technician (n.) – a person who repairs equipment like computers

 

 

 

 

Decide on the word form that completes the adjective expression.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "Check" or the "Check 1-5" button.

 

1.
Man who is surprised

2.
Angry man

3.
upset man

4.
relieved man

5.
resting man

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

Playing Along with Jeopardy

Jeopardy board
 

 

Read for Errors

Whenever we play Jeopardy, Ted is always eager answering before anyone else.  He can't stand if he doesn't know the answers. Ted enjoys to get ready for for a Jeopardy game night. Ted is always prepared answer for anyone else who doesn't have the answer right away. Some people are annoying with Ted. His teammates are proud think of answers as well.  Sometimes his friends make going another room so they can have a chance to answer. They allow him to stay in the room if he agrees not say ANYTHING! 

They are a little sympathetic because they know he is anxious compete.  They let him stay if he promises to control himself. 

Ted's friends are determined getting him on the Jeopardy show as a contestant. They have him reading about geography, art, authors, presidents, and so on. They were lucky get him into a testing session for the show.  Ted's friends were amazed find that he was accepted to compete on the TV show.  Ted was both anxious and excited about be on the Jeopardy show.

annoy (v.) – bother

compete (v.) – play to win  (competition)

contestant (n.) – a player

refrains from (VP) – keeps from, stops

sympathetic (adj.) – kind, understanding

testing session (n.) – a time when they test a person to see if the person would be good on the show: smart with a good personality

 

 

 

 

Infinitive, gerund or base (bare) verb form?

  1. Select the response that best completes the sentence.
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "Check" or the "Check 6-20" button.

 

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