Gerund Summary  (Gerunds / Participles / -ing Word Forms)


cat shower

Quiz 1: beginning – intermediate

Quiz 2: intermediate – advanced 

Gerunds as Subjects


Computers save a lot of time.

Using computers saves a lot of time.

Our using computers saves a lot of time.


Verbs with Gerund Complements

Pac Bell Park

Fans enjoys seeing a good game.

They don't mind sitting in the cold night air.

They hate seeing their team lose.

overworked man

He talks about leaving.

He accused us of complaining.

He keeps on making trouble.

He puts off and worries about making deadlines.

Fixing door

I thanked him for fixing my door.

I appreciate his fixing my door.

part of speech?

The endings of those movies were disappointing. (SUBJ)

The movies were ending without finishing the story. (PRED)

Ending the movie production was difficult. (SUBJ)

The director began ending the movie production. (COMP)

The production ending in June will be shown in theaters in August. (MODIFIER)

Gerunds Expressions


You can open it by using a knife.

You can cut the string with a knife.


What's it for? It is for tying things together.

Why do you use it? to tie boxes.

How do you close boxes? with string / by using string.

watching tv

Jason read the manual before beginning the installation.

You can't turn it on without plugging it in.

Jane got it working by using a different cable.

sheep on the road

He saw/ watched/ observed him working.

We found / caught him napping.

He had a hard time studying all night.

He sat/ stood watching TV.

Jack remembered leaving the door unlocked.

Jack remembered having left the door unlocked.

He remembered being distracted.

Jack remembered having been distracted.

Opening day baseball

We intended to go to the game.

We didn't want to miss going to the game.

boy with bat and ball

He wanted to play professional baseball.

He dreamed about playing professional baseball.


She dreamed of becoming a ballet dancer.

She dreamed about becoming a ballet dancer.

Studying with Children

I put off going to college.

Instead, I took care of raising my two children.


Most people aren't accustomed to working hard.

If you try, you can succeed in doing anything you want.

matched cherries on slot machine

He is very honest, kind and responsibility.

He is very honest, kind and responsible.

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