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Contact Information



Julie Sevastopoulos earned a B.A. in Linguistics from the University of California, Berkeley and an M.A. in Teaching English as a Foreign Language from San Francisco State University. She has taught at English Language Services, UC Berkeley Extension and the San Mateo Community College District. She is a strong advocate for computer assisted learning and life-long learning. She currently resides in Palo Alto, California, USA with her husband, a native of Greece.


About Grammar Quizzes

The mission of Grammar Quizzes is to provide English language learners with an online study site where they can practice points of English grammar, and where they can relate traditional grammar descriptions to linguistic description, with respect to understanding meaning, function and context. This site presents supplementary practice and is not meant to replace face-to-face language learning.

The intended users of Grammar Quizzes are native and non-native high school and college students studying the structure and usage of English (Eng-US). Some materials may also be appropriate for primary and secondary school learners.

The approach of Grammar Quizzes is contrastive analysis, which presents one grammatical point in comparison (contrast) to another already known point. The usage of a particular grammatical point can be understood from paired examples and use in contextual paragraphs and practices. 

The grammatical descriptions in Grammar Quizzes relate traditional terms to current linguistic description. On each page, readers will find grammatical information on function, lexical category (part-of-speech), word form, and diagramming. Academic resources are included in "Grammar Notes" sections (on most pages) for learners who would like to read the opinions of experts in the field.

Grammar Quizzes contributors include C.G. Sevastopoulos (web articles), Jasmine Robinson (coding assistance), Elena Remus (developmental feedback and SEO advice) and Shannah Pittman (organizational and developmental advice). Additional thanks go to Helen Kalkstein (ESL) and website readers/users for their questions, comments and suggestions.

The content of Grammar Quizzes has been under development continuously from 1998 to the present. Previously, this web site was named Grammar Check when it resided on the San Mateo Community College District server from November 1998 – April 2008.  In May of 2008, it was renamed Grammar-Quizzes (an available domain name) and was moved to its current host server (May 2008 to present). 

Page content (but not URLs) will change often as new material is added or updated. Messages regarding typos or coding errors are very much appreciated. Please include the precise location of the page error when referring to it in your e-mail. 

Grammar Quizzes by Julie Sevastopoulos is licensed for use under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 International.
Commercial marketers and link promoters need not (should not) send email.

Greek Easter eggs



wisteria on roof


Linguistic Description

  • Aarts, Bas. Oxford Modern English Grammar. Oxford UP, 2011.
  • Biber, Douglas, and Stig Johansson, et al. Longman Grammar Of Spoken And Written English. Pearson Education, 1999.
  • Huddleston, Rodney D., and Geoffrey K. Pullum. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge UP, 2002.
  • Kroeger, Paul R. Analyzing Grammar: An Introduction. Cambridge UP, 2005.
  • Payne, Thomas Edward. Understanding English Grammar: A Linguistic Introduction. Cambridge UP, 2011.
  • Quirk, Randolph and Sidney Greenbaum. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. 7th ed., Longman Group, 1989.


Traditional and ESL Grammar Description

  • Azar, Betty Schrampfer, and Stacy A. Hagen. Understanding and Using English Grammar. 4th ed., Pearson Education, 2009.
  • Frank, Marcella. Modern English: Exercises for Non-native Speakers. Part I, Prentice-Hall, 1972.
  • ———. Modern English: Exercises for Non-native Speakers. Part II, 2nd ed., Prentice Hall Regents, 1986.
  • Krohn, Robert. English Sentence Structure. U of Michigan, 1971.
  • Lunsford, Andrea A., and Robert J. Connors. The New St. Martin's Handbook. 3rd ed., Bedford/St. Martin's, 1999.
  • Strunk, William Jr. and E.G. White. The Elements of Style. 4th ed., Allyn & Bacon. 1999.
  • Swan, Michael. Practical English Usage. 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2005.
  • Yorkey, Richard C. Study Skills: for Students of English as a Second Language. McGraw-Hill. 1970.
  • Young, A. Robert, and Ann O. Strauch. Nitty Gritty Grammar: Sentence Essentials for Writers. St. Martin's Press, 1994.


Word Use

  • Ciardi, John. A Browser's Dictionary, and Native's Guide to the Unknown American Language. Harper & Row, 1980.
  • ———. A Second Browser's Dictionary, and Native's Guide to the Unknown American Language. Harper & Row, 1983.
  • Fowler's Modern English Usage. Edited by R. W. Burchfield and H. W. Fowler, revised 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2004.
  • Garner's Modern American Usage. by Bryan A. Garner, 3rd ed., Oxford UP, 2009.
  • Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of English Usage. Reprint ed., Merriam-Webster, 1994.


Style Manuals

  • The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law. Edited by Thomas Kent, et al., 51st ed., AP, 2016.
  • The Chicago Manual of Style. 15th ed. U of Chicago P, 2003.
  • The Gregg Reference Manual. Edited by William A. Sabin, 11th ed., McGraw-Hill Education, 2011.
  • MLA Handbook. 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016.
  • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 6th ed., American Psychological Association, 2010.



Style Manual Abbreviations used in this website:

AP (The Associated Press Stylebook), APA (Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association), CMOS (The Chicago Manual of Style), GREGG (Gregg Reference Manual), MLA (MLA Handbook)


Resource Page (bibliography) — Academic, ESL, ELL, English, Writing, Style Manuals, etc. address cards are available in pdf format.

Julie's photo by Michelle Walker

Photos of Crete by J. Sevastopoulos