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Contact Information


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Julie Sevastopoulos earned a B.A. in Linguistics from the University of California, Berkeley and an M.A. in Teaching English as a Foreign Language from San Francisco State University.  She has taught at English Language Services, UC Berkeley Extension and the San Mateo Community College District. She is a strong advocate for computer assisted learning and life-long learning. She currently resides in Palo Alto, California, USA  with her husband, a native of Greece.





Grammar Quizzes Mission—past to present

Grammar Quizzes content and practices have been under development continuously from 1998 to the present. The intended users are native and non-native high school and college students studying the structure and usage of English (Eng-US). Some materials may also be appropriate for primary and secondary schools. The goal is to provide instructors with a resource for their students and to provide students with a resource for independent study.

The contrastive analysis approach presents one grammatical point in comparison to another already-known point. Usage of grammar points can be deduced from paired examples, contextual examples and paired practices. Most grammar presentations include information on grammatical function, lexical category (part-of-speech) and word forms (suffixation),  as well as diagrams that illustrate the element in linear and tree structures.

While this website serves as an online study site for students, it also serves as an online study site for the author who is reading, learning and including notes on how traditional grammar descriptions relate to current Linguistic analysis and description. Academic resources are included in "Grammar Notes" sections for those who would like to survey the opinion of experts in the field. Page content (but not URLs) will change often as new material is added or updated.

Website assistance includes C.G. Sevastopoulos (web articles), Jasmine Robinson (coding assistance), Elena Remus (developmental feedback and SEO advice) and Shannah Pittman (organizational and developmental advice).  Additional thanks to Helen Kalkstein (ESL) and Ellen Rosenfield (ESL and Linguistics) and website readers/users for their questions and comments.

Previously, this web site was named "Grammar Check" when it resided on the San Mateo Community College District server from November 1998 - April 2008.  In May of 2008, it was renamed "Grammar-Quizzes", an available domain name, and was moved to its current host server May 2008 – present. 

Messages regarding typos or coding errors are very much appreciated. Please include the precise location of the page error when referring to it in your e-mail. 

Creative Commons License Grammar Quizzes by Julie Sevastopoulos is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. Permissions include text and most images. A few images are of unknown origin



Linguistic Description

  • Aarts, Bas. Oxford Modern English Grammar. New York: Oxford UP, 2011. Print.
  • Biber, Douglas. Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Harlow, England: Longman, 1999. Print.
  • Huddleston, Rodney D., and Geoffrey K. Pullum. The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 2002. Print.
  • Payne, Thomas Edward. Understanding English Grammar: A Linguistic Introduction. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge UP, 2011. Print.
  • Quirk, Randolph. A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. New York: Longman, 1985. Print.


Traditional and ESL Grammar Description

  • Azar, Betty Schrampfer, and Stacy A. Hagen. Understanding and Using English Grammar. 4th ed. White Plains, NY: Pearson Education, 2009. Print.
  • Frank, Marcella. Modern English: Exercises for Non-native Speakers, Part I Parts of Speech. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1972. Print
  • ———.Modern English: Exercises for non-native speakers, Part II Sentences & Complex Structures. 2nd ed. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall Regents, 1986. Print.
  • Krohn, Robert. English Sentence Structure. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1971. Print.
  • Lunsford, Andrea A., and Robert J. Connors. The New St. Martin's Handbook. 3rd ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 1999. Print.
  • Strunk, William Jr. and E.G. White. The Elements of Style. 4th ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.1999. Print.
  • Swan, Michael. Practical English Usage. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2005. Print.
  • Yorkey, Richard C. Study Skills: for Students of English as a Second Language. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. 1970. Print.
  • Young, A. Robert and Ann O. Strauch. Nitty Gritty Grammar: Sentence Essentials for Writers. New York: St. Martin's Press. 1994. Print.


Word Use

  • Burchfield, R. W., and H. W. Fowler. Fowler's Modern English Usage. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2004. Print.
  • Garner, Bryan A. Garner's Modern American Usage. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print.
  • Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of English Usage. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, 1994. Print.


Style Manuals

  • Goldstein, Norm, ed. The Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law. New York: Basic, 2007. Print.
  • Gibaldi, Joseph, ed. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2009. Print.
  • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 6th ed. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2010. Print. 
  • Sabin, William A. The Gregg Reference Manual: A Manual of Style, Grammar, Usage, and Formatting. 11th ed. New York: McGraw–Hill, 2011. Print.
  • The Chicago Manual of Style. 15th edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003. Print.

Style Manual Abbreviations used in this website: AP (Associated Press), APA (American Psychological Association), CMOS (Chicago Manual of Style), GREGG (Gregg Reference Manual), MLA (MLA Handbook)


Resources — Academic, ESL, ELL, English, Writing, Style Manuals, etc. address cards are available in pdf format.