The day was cold and windy.
They day was cloudy, windy and also cold.
It was cloudy and windy. Also, it was cold.
The wind was strong as well as cold.
Besides being windy, it was also cold.
The day was windy and cold. In addition, it was bright and clear.
It was bright, clear and windy. Moreover, it was cold.
It was bright, clear and windy. Furthermore, it was cold
Anne is an actress. Normally, she acts and sings.
Anne acts, sings and dances. In addition, she directs theater productions. adds information
You should see Anne. She acts, sings and dances. Moreover, she looks like the main character. adds a conclusive fact
Besides being funny, he is also young and smart. adds information
Hire him because he is young and smart. Besides, he is funny! adds a conclusive fact or argument
My brother has a new toy, and so do I. (American English)
My brother has a new toy, and so have I. (British English)
My bother got a new toy, and I did too.
My brother got a new toy, but I didn't.
You got a new toy, didn't you? Yes, I did. / No, I didn't.
I am eight today, and my cousin is too.
I am not a child, and my cousin isn't either.
I am excited. Me too! (informal) /
I am too!
I am not worried. Me either! (informal) / I am not either!
Nobody helped me. Me either. (negative pronoun)
We barely understand it. Me either. (negative adverb)
Both the movie and the play were good.
Not only the movie but also the play was good.
Neither the movie nor the play was good.
Either the movie or the play was good. I can't remember.
like sugar in my coffee, whereas Edward likes black coffee.
I like sugar in my coffee in contrast to Edward who likes none.
One the one hand, I like sugar in my coffee.
On the other hand, Edgard does not!
I shouldn't eat sugar, but still I do.
Though I shouldn't eat sugar, I do.
I shouldn't eat sugar. Nevertheless, I do.
He likes vegetables but not carrots.
He likes vegetables except (for) carrots.
Jack does nothing all day except [to] eat and sleep.
He isn't interested in anything except eating and sleeping.
Jack eats nothing but hamburgers.
Jack ate all but one hamburger.
Brian planned on attending a job fair, but the line was very long. (It discouraged him..)
Brian planned on attending a job fair though the line was very long. (He stood in it anyway.)
We would rather walk to work than drive. (coordinator: X and not Y)
We walk to work rather than drive. (X and not Y)
We walk to work rather than get caught in traffic. (subordinator: choosing X to avoid Y)
Because of the gas explosion / an exploding gas line, several homes burned down. (reason)
Due to old age, the pipe cracked. (reason)
On account of the accident, all pipes are being inspected. (reason)
New regulations were enacted owing to the lessons learned. (reason)
Despite their quick arrival, the firemen could do nothing. (contrary reasoning)
The fire burned the neighborhood inspite of the effort of fire fighters. (contrary reasoning)
Demonstrators protested because of high unemployment. reason
Demonstrators protested by marching in the street. means
Progress was made because of the opposition leaders. reason
Progress was made by the opposition leaders. agent
Because Tom worked so hard, he earned a good salary. (same
Working so hard, Tom earned a good salary. (same time)
Because Tom had been working so hard, he needed a vacation.
Having worked so hard (earlier time), Tom needed a vacation.
She married at the age of thirteen because she had no other options.
She had no other options. Consequently, she married at the age of thirteen.
Illiteracy results from a poor childhood education.
A poor childhood education results in illiteracy.
His computer froze, so he hit it.
He hit it so hard that he damaged the keyboard.
He took it to a repair center because it needed a new keyboard.
He paid a lot to have it fixed. As a consequence, he never hit his computer again.
He wore his winter pants because it was snowing.
Schools were closed because of the snow.
It was snowing. For this reason, the schools were closed.
He was biking in his shorts though it was snowing.
The schools were open in spite of the cold temperature.
It was snowing. Nevertheless, the schools were open.
The meteor storm was so beautiful that we watched it all night.
It was such a beautiful meteor storm that we watched it all night.
We will learn so much interesting information that it will take years to process it. (quantity)
We will learn such interesting information that it will take years to process it. (quality)
We stayed up all night so that we could watch a meteor storm.
We stayed up late, so we were able to see the meteor storm as it passed.
When I call the dog, she comes.
After I call the dog, she comes.
Before I call the dog, I open the door.
After I take the dog out, we'll sit down for a while.
By the time I leave work, the sun will be setting. (ongoing)
By the time I leave work, the sun will have set. (completed)
While John was walking home, he came across a skunk.
While walking home, John came across a skunk.
Walking home, John came across a skunk.
Walking home from school, *a skunk sprayed John.
She looks around to make sure other girls are noticing her. When asked why she dresses the way she does, she says that she likes it. ______ it seems that the reason for her behavior is more complex.
*Each year, millions of people travel to the U.S. In fact, eighty-six million. (fragment)
Put your suitcase down. *Over there. (fragment)
*How about a visa? (fragment)
*Yellow highlighted words are examples of incorrect usage.
My friend and I blogged and read over his shoulder.
My friend blogged, and I read over his shoulder.
The children were interested in hearing his story.
The press was excited about the President's speech.
He is interested in and excited about his new project.
Calcium is in green leafy vegetables, for example, broccoli, kales, arugula, and spinach.
There is calcium in vegetables such as broccoli, kales, arugula, and spinach.
Cruciferous vegetables (i.e., Brassicaceae) have flowers shaped like a cross.