Which Clauses

Add modifying clauses that identify an entire clause

pressing delete keybaby picture
 

 

Referring to just the preceding noun vs. a whole clause

THAT OR WHICH - PRECEDING NOUN

no commaUse that to refer to a preceding noun (directly before it). The relative pronoun that links the modifying clause.

whose refers to woman blue arrow  - which refers to telephone
He deleted the picture that upset me. (The picture upset me.)

He deleted the picture which upset me.   (The picture upset me.)

WHICH - THE WHOLE IDEA OF THE SENTENCE

commaUse which to refer to a preceding noun, phrase or clause (the idea that comes before it). The comma sets the clause off as an "aside comment".

whose refers to womanblue arrow  - which refers to telephone
He deleted the picture, which
upset me. (The action upset me.)

 

 

Note: using which to modify a sentence is considered informal by some people and tends to occur mostly in spoken English.
Also see:  That / Which   |  Who / Whom / That (personal pronouns) 

See Comma_comments  It / This Reference

 

 

 

 

 

Common Mistakes

Errors and Solutions

 

 

 

Error and Solution

ERROR

The goat was standing on the roof of the house which didn't make sense.

The hurricane blew the beach sand away, that made the place look unfamiliar and strange.

SOLUTION

The goat was staning on the roof of the house, which didn't make sense.

The goat was staning on the roof of the house.   That / This didn't make sense.  (Use that or this as a determiner. )

The hurricane blew the beach sand away, which made the place look unfamiliar and strange.  (Use which not that.)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

Saturday Night Out

Movie Audience
 

 

Decide whether to use ", which", that or which.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "Check" or the "Check 1-12" button.

 

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