Grammar-QuizzesNoun PhrasesDeterminersArticles–The › The w/ Country Names

The with Country Names

Recognize when to include the with country names

Map of U.S
Bolivia—the Plurinational State of Bolivia
 
 

 

Article Use with Country Names 

NO ARTICLE

No article is included when referring to a country (1) with a single name (except The Gambia) or with merged single-named states Bosnia and Herzegovina. Note that most countries have an official title that includes the kind of state, for example, the republic, the kingdom, the principality, the commonwealth, the union, the confederation, and so on.                           

SINGULAR NAME KIND OF UNION

Belize

Burkino Faso

Canada

Georgia

Grenada

Hungary

Iceland

Ireland

Jamaica

Japan

Libya

Mongolia

Montenegro

Myanmar

New Zealand

Romania   

Santa Lucia

Turkmenistan

Tuvalu

Ukraine  (not "the Ukraine")

United Arab Emirates

———  (no secondary title)

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

———

———  

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

DOUBLE NAME KIND OF UNION

Antigua and Barbuda

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

——— 

——— 

——— 

Saint Kitts and Nevis

the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis

Trinidad and Tobago

the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

EXCEPTION—SINGLE NAME KIND OF UNION

Sudan (no article¹ )

the Republic of the Sudan (article)

THE

Include the before countries (1) with plural names (the Philippines, the Maldives and the Netherlands); (2) with names containing a noun stating the kind of state (the Republic, the Democratic, the State(s), the Union, the Confederation, the Kingdom, the Commonwealth, the Principality). Capitalize the when it is included in the official name (The Bahamas).

PLURAL NAME KIND OF UNION

the Cook Islands

the Maldives

the Netherlands

the Philippines

the Seychelles

the Solomon Islands

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

——— 

"THE" PLURAL NAME KIND OF UNION

The Bahamas (capital The)

the Commonwealth of The Bahamas 

the Comoros

the Union of the Comoros

the Marshall Islands

the Republic of the Marshall Islands

the Seychelles

the Republic of Seychelles

EXCEPTIONS  KIND OF UNION

Barbados (pl. without the)

——— 

The Gambia / Gambia  (sng. with The)

 

the Republic of the Gambia

the Islamic Republic of The Gambia

NO OFFICIAL SHORT NAME KIND OF UNION

———  (USA)

the United States of America

———  DR Congo / Congo-Kinshasa (former Zaire)

the Democratic Republic of the Congo

———  Congo Republic/ Congo-Brazzaville

the Republic of the Congo

——— (same)

the Dominican Republic

——— (UAE)

the United Arab Emirates

 

¹ an article is used when referring to the region or an area surrounding a river, such as the Sudan, the Arctic, the Gambia, and formerly the Ukraine (region) which as of 1991 is called Ukraine.

 

See links below for the most up-to-date names.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The with Country Names

Kind of Union

 

 

 
THE REPUBLIC OF COUNTRY [NOUN]

When referring to a country whose name is of the pattern Republic of Country [N] include the before title. Note that these names may include modifiers such as federative, federal, democratic, Islamic, people's, oriental

COUNTRY REPUBLIC OF [NOUN]

(Taiwan¹) sovereignty in dispute

the Republic of China  (ROC)

Congo Republic/ Congo-Brazzaville²

the Republic of the Congo

El Salvador  (Spanish article)

the Republic of El Salvador

Macedonia

the Republic of Macedonia

South Korea

the Republic of Korea 

COUNTRY [ADJ] REPUBLIC OF [NOUN]

Afghanistan

the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Brazil

the Federative Republic of Brazil

China

the People's Republic of China (PRC)

Ethiopia

the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

North Korea

the Democratic People's Republic of Korea 

Uruguay

the Oriental Republic of Uruguay

Venezuela

the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

Vietnam

the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

THE COUNTRY [ADJ] REPUBLIC

When referring to a country whose name is of the pattern Country [Adj] Republic include the before title. This pattern rarely includes other modifiers. The official name does not include the.                                 

COUNTRY [ADJ] REPUBLIC

Argentina

the Argentine Republic

Czechia

the Czech Republic

———  (same)

the Dominican Republic

France

the French Republic

Gabon

the Gabonese Republic

Greece

the Hellenic Republic

Italy

the Italian Republic

Kyrgyzstan

the Kyrgyz Republic

Laos

the Lao People's Democratic Republic

Lebanon

the Lebanese Republic

Portugal

the Portuguese Republic

Slovakia

the Slovak Republic

Syria

the Syrian Arab Republic

Togo

the Togolese Republic

Tunisia

the Tunisian Republic

 

¹Taiwan is officially called the Republic of China (ROC) or Chinese Taipei in the Olympic Games. Its political status as an independent state is in dispute. See Nagoya Resolution. Both the ROC and PRC continue to claim to be the legitimate government of all China.

²Congo Republic/ Congo-Brazzaville (former colony French Congo)

Other countries with the pattern—Republic of Country[N]: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, People's Democratic Republic of Algeria, Republic of Angola, Republic of Armenia, Republic of Austria, Republic of Azerbaijan, People's Republic of Bangladesh, Republic of Belarus, Republic of Benin, Republic of Botswana, Federative Republic of Brazil, Republic of Bulgaria, Republic of Burundi, Republic of Cameroon, Republic of Cabo Verde, Republic of Chad, Republic of Chile, Republic of China (Taiwan), Republic of Costa Rica, Republic of Croatia, Republic of Cyprus (Greek part),  Republic of Djibouti, Democratic Republic of Timo-Leste, Arab Republic of Egypt, Republic of El Salvador, Republic of Equatorial Guinea, Republic of Estonia, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Republic of Fiji, Republic of Finland, Republic of  The Gambia,  Federal Republic of Germany, Republic of Ghana, Republic of Guatemala, Republic of Guinea, Co-operative Republic of Guyana, Republic of Haiti, Republic of Honduras, Republic of India, Republic of Indonesia, Islamic Republic of Iran, Republic of Iraq, Republic of Ireland, Republic of  Côte d'Ivoire, Republic of Kazakhstan, Republic of Kenya, Republic of Kiribati, Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), Republic of Korea (South Korea), Republic of Kosovo, Republic of Latvia, Republic of Liberia, Republic of Lithuania, Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Madagascar, Republic of Malawi, Republic of Maldives, Republic of Mali, Republic of Malta, Republic of Marshall Islands, Islamic Republic of Mauritania, Republic of Mauritius, Republic of Moldova, Republic of Mozambique, Republic of the Union of Myanmar, Republic of Namibia, Republic of Nauru, Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, Republic of Nicaragua, Republic of the Niger, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Republic of Panama, Republic of Paraguay, Republic of the Philippines, Republic of Poland, Republic of Rwanda, Republic of San Marino, Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe, Republic of Senegal, Republic of Serbia, Republic of Seychelles, Republic of Sierra Leone, Republic of Singapore, Slovenia, Federal Republic of Somalia, Republic of South Africa, Republic of South Sudan, Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Republic of the Sudan, Republic of South Sudan, Republic of Suriname, Republic of Tajikistan, United Republic of Tanzania, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, Republic of Turkey, Republic of Uganda, Oriental Republic of Uruguay, Republic of Uzbekistan, Republic of Vanuatu, Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Republic of Yemen, Republic of Zambia, Republic of Zimbabwe.

Other countries with the pattern—Country[Adj] Republic: Albanian Republic, Central African Republic, Central African Republic, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, French Republic, Gabonese Republic, Hellenic Republic, Kyrgyz Republic, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Lebanese Republic, Portuguese Republic, Slovak Republic, Syrian Arab Republic. Togolese Republic, Tunisian Republic.

 

 

 

STATE OF

When referring to a country whose name is of the pattern State of Country [N] include the before title. The singular name may include a modifier such as independent and plurinational(!)

COUNTRY STATE(S)

Bolivia

the Plurinational State of Bolivia

Cyprus (Turkish)

the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus

Eritrea

the State of Eritrea

Israel

the State of Israel

Kuwait

the State of Kuwait

Palestine

the State of Palestine

Samoa

the Independent State of Samoa

Libya

the State of Libya

Papua New Guinea

the Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Qatar

the State of Qatar

Vatican City

the Vatican City State

[ADJ] STATES OF

When referring to a country whose name is of the pattern [Adj] States of Country [N] include the before title. The plural name includes  a modifier such as united or federated.                       

COUNTRY STATE(S)

———  (USA)

the United States of America

Mexico

the United Mexican States

Micronesia

the Federated States of Micronesia

 

 

 

 
KINGDOM / PRINCIPALITY

When referring to a country whose name is of the pattern commonwealth, kingdom, or principality include the before title.

COUNTRY KINGDOM / PRINCIPALITY

Andorra

the Principality of Andorra

England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales

the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Jordon

the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Lesotho

the Kingdom of Lesotho

Liechtenstein

the Principality of Liechtenstein

Luxembourg

the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Monaco

the Principality of Monaco

Norway

the Kingdom of Norway

Oman

the Sultanate of Oman

Tonga

the Kingdom of Tonga

Other kingdoms and the like include: Bahrain, Belgium, Bhutan, Denmark, Morocco, Netherlands, Cambodia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden,  Thailand, Tonga.

OTHERS

Other country names with union, united, commonwealth, nation, federation also include the before title.                                        

COUNTRY COMMONWEALTH

Australia

the Commonwealth of Australia

The Bahamas

the Commonwealth of The Bahamas (official)

Dominica

the Commonwealth of Dominica

  FEDERATION / CONFEDERATION

Russia

the Russian Federation

Saint Kitts and Nevis

the Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis

Switzerland

the Swiss Confederation

  UNION

the Comoros

the Union of the Comoros

———

the United Arab Emirates

  NATION

Brunei

the Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace

Bolivia

the Plurinational State of Bolivia

 

Also see Articles w/ Nationality Names (Demonyms).

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice

Articles in the Names of Countries

 

 

 

Decide whether to use the with the informal (unofficial) country name.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

1.

2.

3.
flag of Kazakhstan

4.
flag of Phlippines

5.
flag of Japan

6.
flag of Netherlands

7.
flag of Greece

8.
flag of Ivory Coast

9.

10.
flag of Ukraine

11.

12.

13.
flag of Djibouti

14.
flag of South Korea

15.
flag of Cook Islands

16.

17.
flag of Spain

18.
flag of Mexico

19.
flag of Mexico

20.
flag of Mexico

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

Countries & Features

 

 

 

Decide whether an article is needed.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

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33-42
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