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The – Later Mention

Identified by information after the noun

holding puzzle piece

 

 

 

 

4) Identified by Information After the Noun

FIRST MENTION – A

The first time a noun is mentioned, use a.

Give me a puzzle piece.    informal request

KNOWN BECAUSE OF LATER MENTION  – THE

After mentioning a noun, you can refer to its parts with the

 Which one?

The piece over thereidentified by an adverbial phrase

The piece inside the box. identified by a prepositional phrase

The piece that you are holding.   identified by a clause

The piece that is upside down.   identified by a clause

The piece you see there.   identified by a clause

The piece with the black center. identified by a prepositional phrase

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"The"

Summary of Uses

 

 

 

Summary for Using The

LINK MEANS OF IDENTIFICATION CONTEXTUAL EXAMPLE

Page focus

The noun is identified by:

The is used as part of a larger context or understanding.

The-Earlier Mention   

1)  by earlier, second mention

This is a puzzle piece. The piece fits into a puzzle. 

The-Earlier Mention   

2)  by another name (synonym)

This is a puzzle piece. The parts are rather small.  (a piece = a part)

The-Included Parts   

3)  as an expected part of a larger item

This is a puzzle.  The pieces are inside the box. 

current page this page 

4)  by a phrase or clause after the noun  

The part on top is here.  /  The part that I am holding is a corner.

The-Shared Knowl 

5)  by both knowing or seeing it

Hand me the piece.   (We both know / see which one.)

The-Shared Knowl 

6)  by its uniqueness (It is the only one.)

Hand me the last piece.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

Identified by name

New Jersey and California outlines

 

 

 

Decide which article to use with each identified or unidentified noun.
 

UNIDENTIFIED IDENTIFIED BY NAME

A state with a lot of natural resources has great wealth.

The state with a lot of natural resources, California, has great wealth.

 

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

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Practice 2

Identified by phrase or clause

Fruit Stand
 

 

Identified or not?

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

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Practice 3

Identified by phrase or clause

 

the planets in the solar system
 

 

 

AN IDENTIFYING CLAUSE  A   NONIDENTIFYING CLAUSE  

 TRUE FOR ONE – The clause "next to mars" identifies it as Mar's moon, and potato-shaped identifies it as Phobos. 

 TRUE FOR ANY– The clause "which is beautiful to see" is true of any moon on Uranus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, etc.

The moon next to Mars looks like an old potato. (No commas are used.)

A moon, which is beautiful to see, is cold and desolate.   (Commas are necessary.)

 

 

 

Is it true for one planet (identified) or true for any planet (not identified)?

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

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crater (n.) – a bowl-shaped depression with a raised rim, formed by the impact of a meteoroid

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   rock (expression) – planet

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in the Kuiper belt.