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The Group

Group names derived from adjectives

the blind
 

 

Adjective-Group Names

A + ADJECTIVE

Usually when we use an adjective as a modifier, both the adjective and the noun are present together. 

A blind person uses assistive technology.
   main verb affects dependent verb

A young person expects to be able to find a job.

An accused man was sent to jail to await his trial.

A poor person hopes to live a better life.

An unemployed person hopes to find a new job quickly.

A dying person should prepare himself.

THE + ADJECTIVE

However, in some cases, we use the + adjective (without a noun) to talk about a particular group of people who are in a particular physical or social condition.

The blind use assistive technology.  (the deaf, the handicapped)

The young expect to be able to find jobs.  (the restless)

The accused  was sent to jail to await his trial.  (the undersigned, the deceased– legal terms)

The poor hope to live a better life.  (the rich, the wealthy,the homeless)

The unemployed hope to find new jobs quickly.  (the retired, the underemployed, the jobless)

The living should prepare themselves.  (the dead, the dying, the deceased)
 

 

assistive technology (n.) – portable reading devices, talking GPS and so on.

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Group

Nationality Names

tea time
 

 

Adjective–Nationality Names

AN + ADJECTIVE THE + ADJECTIVE

An adjective for a particular nationality can be used to modify a singular noun, such as person, man, woman, child, etc.

With some nationalities, the + adjective is used if no noun exists. The singular word (a mass noun) uses plural agreement.

An English person enjoys a good strong cup of tea. (English tea is strong and black.)
   main verb affects dependent verb

The English drink strong black tea.   (French, Irish, Dutch Welsh)

A Chinese person can be optimistic about her country's future.

The Chinese are optimistic about their country's future.  (Japanese, Burmese, Lebanese, Vietnamese, Portuguese)
 

See previous page:  A-Nationality  -ese / -ish

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selected-Quality Name

The + adjective

bread basket
 

 

Named by a Selected Quality

AN + ADJECTIVE THE + ADJECTIVE

When thinking about a choice between two or more things, we often use an adjective.

When the choice has already been mentioned, we often leave out a noun, especially with colors, material, ingredients and size.

Only a wheat and a sour dough roll  is left. (Two)
move right   main verb affects dependent verb

He'll take the wheat. (the noun is not repeated)

We have a white or a blue car.

I would like the blue.

Would you like a large or a small coffee?  "a coffee" (a cup of coffee) is restaurant speech

I'd like the large, please.   

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unique-Quality Name

The (adjective)

Elizabeth Taylor
 

 

The former / The latter

A + ADJECTIVE THE + ADJECTIVE

Either former or latter can be used as a modifier to a noun.

After a sentence in which one or more items is mentioned, former refers to the earliest item mentioned and latter refers to the last item mentioned. The word should be placed close to the word or idea to which it refers so as not to confuse the reader.  Another option is to simply repeat the noun instead of using former or latter.

Michael Jackson, a former pop star, died in June 2009.  (past, previously, no longer)

Elizabeth Taylor's career peaked near the latter half of the 20th century(comparatively near the end)
 

Michael Jackson(1) and Elizabeth Taylor(2) appeared at a birthday celebration together in 1997.

The former(1) was the King of Pop and the latter(1) was a Hollywood legend.

Solution - lightbulbPopQ "Latter"  (about using former and latter)

 

 

 

Unique in Order

A + ADJECTIVE THE + ADJECTIVE

 A word indicating order first or last can be used to modify a noun.

After a sentence in which an adjective and noun have been mention, the second mention may use just the adjective: first refers to the earliest one (unique).

A first kiss is something a young man or woman looks forward to.

The first is always the most memorable.

A last child quickly learns to out-guess his/her siblings. (brothers and sisters)

The last learns quickly to survive.

 

 

 

Superlative — Unique in Quality

AN + ADJECTIVE THE + ADJECTIVE

When an adjective modifies a noun, the noun is included. 

However, after superlative adjectives, nouns are often left out .

He's the tallest guy in my class.
            main verb affects dependent verb

He's the tallest in my class.  (the noun is not repeated)

She is the most hardworking employee of all.

She is the most hardworking of all.

 

See The-Superlatives

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

A  Piece of the Pie

pie chart
 

 

Select the verb form that agrees with the group.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

1.
The city budget will be completed soon.  Everyone wants "a piece of the pie."
The young money for their education and the building of new schools.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 2

World Exports

Exports
 

 

What is the group name for the people?

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

7.
China takes first place as the worlds largest exporter of goods. export $1.20 trillion in electronics, apparel, iron and steel.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

 

 

The World's Largest Exporters and How they Make their Money. Herald Daily. 29 Mar 2010. http://heralddaily.com/2010/03/29/the-worlds-largest-exporters-and-how-they-make-their-money/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 3

The former / The latter

olive oil
 

Is it the former or the latter?

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" button.

 

13-14.
Italy and Spain have been rivals for a long time in their production of olive oil.  .   The price was just too good to pass up.

Other exporting countries to Italy are not doing as well.like Tunisia and Greece
Italy and Spain have been rivals for a long time in their production of olive oil. 

Other exporting countries to Italy are not doing as well like Tunisia and Greece.