Known or New?

Determine article use for identified or unidentified items

 

 

 

Review Article Use

A  — UNIDENTIFIED
ONE AS AN EXAMPLE OF ALL

Use a  for singular or plural count nouns, and no marker for noncount nouns.

⇒ To speak about one as an example of all  any one–unspecific

A restaurant / restaurants should be kept clean.

Food should be artfully prepared. noncount

FIRST MENTION

⇒ To speak about an item that is not yet known to both the speaker and the listener(s)  a particular one–specific

→ I know a good restaurant near us.

→ They have (some) delicious soup.

THE — IDENTIFIED
A  GROUPING WITH SHARED CHARACTERISTICS

Use the for singular count and noncount nouns when speaking in general about any / all.

⇒ To speak about  all members within a class

The onion is cultivated around the world.

Fructose is a fruit sugar. noncount

SECOND AND LATER MENTION

⇒ To speak about an item that is known to the speaker and the listener(s):

  • by earlier mention in a sentence or paragraph
  • by later mention in a sentence or paragraph
  • as an expected part of an item already introduced
  • by seeing it
  • by common (shared) knowledge
  • by being unique (the only one of its kind)

The restaurant  is near by.

The soup today is clam chowder.

 

cultivate (v.) — grow

Review if needed:  Article Summary

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice

Airport Snag

suitcase on wheels
 

 

Determine which article to use.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. ("0" – no article).
  2. Compare your responses to the feedback by clicking the "Check" or "Check 1-10" button.

 

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