Final -S (audio)

Listen for final -S

 

 

 

Final "S" and "Z" Sounds

S SOUNDS

These words end in consonants that have voiceless sounds:  t, p, k (Your voical chords do not move when pronouncing them.)

seatslisten seats   [seets] or IPA  /sits/

ropes

listen ropes   [rowps] or IPA  /roʊps/

backs

listen backs   [baeks]  or IPA  /bæks/

Z SOUNDS

These words end in consonants that have voiced sounds:  d, b, g (Your vocal chords vibrate when pronouncing them.)

seedslisten seeds   [seedz]  or IPA   /sidz/

robes

listen robes   [rowbz] or IPA /roʊbz/

bags

listen bags   [baegz] or IPA   /bægz/

 

IPA  (International Phonetic Alphabet) Pronunciation Key

 

 

 

 

 

Final -S

After Voiced / Voiceless Consonants

 

 

S after Voiceless vs. Voiced Consonants

VOICELESS CONSONANTS

Consonants t, p, and k are voiceless consonants.  Your vocal chords are not moving when you pronounce them.  For this reason, the consonant that follows (s) is also voiceless.  Do you hear the final /s/ sound?   

T [S]

seatslisten seats [seets] or IPA  /sits/

hatslisten hats [haets] or IPA /hæts/

hateslisten hates   [heyts] or IPA /heɪts/

P  [S]

ropeslisten ropes  [rowps] or IPA  /roʊps/

tripslisten trips   [trips] or IPA  /trɪps/

sleepslisten sleeps  [sleeps] or IPA  /slips/

K  [S]

backslisten backs   [baeks] or IPA /bæks/

VOICED CONSONANTS

Consonants d, b, g, and vowels are voiced consonants Your vocal chords vibrate when you pronounce them.  For this reason, the consonant that follows (s) also becomes voiced.  Do you hear the final /z/ sound?

D  [Z]

seedslisten seeds   [seedz]  or IPA  /sidz/

feedslisten feeds [feedz] or IPA /fidz/

lidslisten lids   [lidz] or IPA  /lɪdz/

B  [Z]

robslistenrobs    [robz] or IPA   /rɒbz/

robeslistenrobes   [rowbz] or IPA /roʊbz/

 
G  [Z]

bagslisten bags   [baegz] or IPA  /bægz/

M / N  [Z]

homeslisten homes   [howmz] or IPA  /hoʊmz/

VOWELS  [Z]

seeslisten sees   [seez] ; or IPA /siz/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Final -S

After Silibant Consonants

 

 

 

Final -s after -sh, -ch, -s, -z, -ge/dge

-S / -Z / SH

Consonants with complex sounds: s, z, s, z, sh and g/dg end with -es /ɪZ/ Do you hear the final /ɪz/ sound?

–S /sɪz/

kisseslisten kisses   [kis-siz] /s-ɪz/

–Z

prizeslisten prizes    [praiz-iz]

–SH /ʃis/

disheslistendishes   [dish-iz]  /dɪ-ʃiz/

-CH / -DG / X

Consonants with complex sounds: sh, ch, s, z, x and g/dg end with -es /ɪZ/ Do you hear the final /ɪz/ sound?

–CH /tʃɪs/

catchlistencatches  [cach-iz] or  /kætʃ- ɪz/

-GE / -DGE /dʒ ɪz/

countertop edgeslisten edges   [ej-iz] /ɛdʒ - ɪz/

–X  /k-sɪz/

mixeslisten mixes   [mik-siz]  /mɪk-sɪz/

 

The above words may be used as nouns (plural) or verbs (3rd person).

 

 

 

 

Practice

Getting Organized

Unorganized kitchen
 

Read

Let's clean up the [kitchen/chicken]!   First, take the [seats/seeds] into another room. Then, put the [peas/peace] and the other vegetables in the refrigerator. Next, put the [bags/backs] in the closet. Then, place the [dishes/ditches] on the shelves. Also, put the [pots/pods] in the cabinets.

Next, place the clean dish [cloths/ clothes] in the drawer. And put the [pans/pants] next to the oven. After that, place the [bowls/bows] above the sink. Then, wipe the [counters/ countess] clean. Finally, let's change our [cloths/ clothes]. And get ready for our [guesses/ guests] to arrive.

cupboardcabinet with shelves for dishes and kitchen equipment; closed storage space against a wall.

closet – small storage room or cabinet with a door.

count / countess – a title in European countries for a noble person, usually with land and wealth.

counter – a work surface in a lab, kitchen or workroom

shelves – horizontal storage space in a cupboard or cabinet.

storage – place where we keep things that we are not using, usually out of sight from a main room

pods – shell that contains peas or some other thing.

pots – deep cooking pan

 

 

Listen for final consonants followed by -s, and for other commonly confused word pairs.

  1. Listen to the sentence.
  2. Select the word that best completes the sentence.
  3. Compare your answer to the response by clicking a "check" button or the "check all" button at the end.

If you do not see an audio player audio player (mp3) , click the audio listen icon (wav).

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and the other vegetables in the refrigerator.

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in the closet.

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on the shelves.

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in the cabinets.

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in the drawer.

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next to the oven.

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above the sink.

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clean.

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.

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to arrive.