Grammar-QuizzesNoun PhrasesModifiers to Nouns › Adjectives

Adjectives

Summary of Practices

 

 

Adj / Modifier Diagnostic: identify specific English grammar points that need review:

persian cat

Quiz 1: beginning–intermediate

Quiz 2: intermediate–advanced

An Adjective: recognize how it can function in a clause

Intermediate–Advanced ESL, Native Speakers

sunet

Red leaves are falling.  (attributive)

We saw something red. (post-position!)

The leaves are red.   (predicative)

Fall turns the leaves red(predicative)

Adjective Suffixes: form adjectives from other word forms

Intermediate–Advanced ESL, Native Speakers

evening sky

It was a spectacle.

It was spectacular.

It was a spectacular sky.

It was an awesome / awful sight.

It was an historic / historical night.

Adjective Order: put adjectives into natural sounding word order

Beginning–Intermediate ESL

Big purple paisley cat

 I drew a pretty, little, purple-and-pink paisley pussycat.

Negatives: express absence, doubt, denial, prohibition and more (Negative Word Forms)

Beginning – Advanced ESL, native speakers

No No's

No one  /   Not anyone has parked illegally.

His inability / disability was clear to us.

He was unsatisfied / dissatisfied.

Do not park there!  We do not park there.

He would park there, wouldn't he?

We asked him not to park there.

I doubt that he *never / ever helps.

He is neither optimistic nor pessimistic.

His no nonsense approach to life is refreshing. (expression)

Be + Adj Complement: express qualities and characteristics after be ("ascriptive be")

Beginning–Intermediate ESL

a sleepwalker

He is tired.

He seems tired.

He appears tired.

 (No action involved.)

Adjective w/ Prep: describing emotional reactions 

Int–Advanced ESL

Jason

Jason is anxious about his future.

He would like to be independent of his parents.

He is good at many things.

He is optimistic about his future.

Resultative Adjectives: indicate the resulting state of an action taken  ("Adjective as Complement" / "Object Complement")

Beginning–Intermediate ESL

car being fixed

Larry washed the car clean

Larry wiped the car dry

Larry pushed the door open.

 

She wants her car cleaned(service) 

She wants her car clean(target state) She found her car clean.  (unexpected state)

Modifiers to Adj: express how much or to what degree

Beginning–Intermediate ESL

sportsmen 

The basketball player is nine feet tall. (plural)

He can place a ball in a basket ball hoop ten feet high.

He sleeps in a bed that is nine and a half feet long.

He is extremely tall.

Number-Noun Modifiers: combine a number and noun to form a modifier

Beginning–Intermediate ESL

ladder

The ladder had five steps.

It was a five-step ladder.

There are a million uses for WD-40(spelled out)

Adverbs for Degree: express intensity (how much)

(Intermediate–Advanced ESL, Native Speakers

A big talker

He talks excessively. (verb) 

He talks extremely fast. (Adv) 

He is rather talkative. (Adj)

 

He literally doesn't stop talking. (adv. degree) 

He translated the text literally. (adv. manner) 

Adjective + Prep Phrase: specify or limit the modification

Beginning–Intermediate ESL

Jason

Jason is anxious about his future.

He would like to be independent of his parents.

He is good at many things.

He is optimistic about his future.

Word Forms: noun, verb, adjective, adverb

Beginning – Advanced ESL, native speakers

Lennon

The singer had imagination.

He imagined.

His writing was imaginative.

He used words imaginatively.

The singer sang about social revolution.

He revolted.

*His writing was revolting.

*He used words revoltingly.