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matched cherries - slot machineParallel Phrasing (Wording)

Joining Like Items with And and But

 

 

 

Unparallel and Parallel Elements

UNPARALLEL

A coordinator (and, but, or, nor) joins like elements, such as, noun phrases, verb phrases, adverb phrases, adjective phrases, prepositional phrases; gerunds, infinitives and independent clauses. If the elements are not grammatically the same, then the sentence is unparallel or not parallel.

MIXED 

*My English is improving slow but surely(adj.–adv.)

*We are leaving quickly and quiet(adv.–adj.)

*We'll can speak specific or generally, whichever you prefer. (adj.–adv.)

*He works neither efficiently nor effective(adv.–adj.)

MIXED 

*The football player ran skillfully yet defensive. (adv.–adj.)

* He welcomes us ¹friendly and joyfully.   (adj.–adv.)   friendly (adj) 

MIXED 

*She walks and texting  at the same time.

*You I need to write and communicating with others.

*I really like relaxing and enjoy my quiet time.  

*I spend time listen and laughing at his talk show.

MIXED

The gymnast went around the bar and swinging over the top(prep phrase.–ger. phrase)

*In the morning and noon the mail comes. (prep. phrase–noun)

*How to do that and the time I am doing that is a problem.  (adv. phrase–noun phrase)

*I don't care who it is or the product he is selling, just hang up!  (adv. phrase–noun phrase)

MIXED 

The dog was barking and we running.

We were walking but not tiring.

We put new batteries in the toy yet broken.

PARALLEL

If a word does not have an equivalent word form , then consider a way to reword the sentence so that both words can take the same grammatical structure (e.g., you can change an adjective to an adverb expression with "in a ___ manner".)

ADVERBS 

My English is improving slowly but surely.

We are leaving quickly and quietly.

We'll can speak specific or generally, whichever you prefer.

He works neither efficiently nor effective.

IN A…ADJ and ADJ…MANNER 

The player ran skillfully nor defensively.

The player ran in a skillful and defensive manner.

¹He welcomes us in a friendly and joyful manner(prep phrase: adj–adj)   

VERBS / INFINITIVES / GERUNDS 

She walks and texts at the same time. (present)

You need to write and (to) communicate with others. (infinitive)

I really like relaxing and enjoying my quiet time.  (gerund)

I spend time listening to and laughing at his talk show.  (gerund + prep.)

PHRASES

The gymnast went around the bar and over the top(prep. phrase)

In the morning and at noon the mail comes.   (prep. phrase)

²How to do that and/or when to do that is a problem.   (adv. phrase)

I don't care who it is or what he's selling, just hang up! (adv. phrase)

CLAUSES

The dog was barking, and we were running.

We were walking, but we were not feeling tired.

We put new batteries in the toy, yet it wasn't working.

 

*Yellow highlighting indicates example of incorrect usage.
 like (adj.) – of the same form, appearance, kind, character, amount, etc.
Coordinated "adverbs of manner" are usually marked with a suffix -ly (but not fast, hard, well, loud) or -ways,-wise (sideways, otherwise, etc.)   A few words that end in -ly are not adverbs; they are adjectives (e.g., early, daily, friendly, and lovely).  Note that you can change an adjective to an adverb expression with "in a ___ manner".
¹friendly which ends in -ly is actually an adjective not an adverb. Use in a ... manner to change the adjectives friendly and joyful to parallel adverbial phrasing.
²cleft sentence –  How (to do that) and when (when to do that) is a problem. (=) A problem is how… and when… . "General properties of clefts" (Huddleston 16 §9.1)  Coordination of like type15 §3.5)

Related page Adverb Suffixes, Adjective suffixes, Parallel Gerunds, FANBOYS.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Practice 1

 At the Movies

movie
 

 

Add a parallel element to the sentence.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" or "check 1-10" button.

 

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Practice 2

Movie Review

moon
 

 

Add parallel element to the sentence.

  1. Select the parallel word form that best completes the sentence.
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "check" or "check 11-20" button.

 

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